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Top Selenium Frameworks Every Automation Tester Much Know

As you are probably already aware, test automation is the practice of running test cases using certain automation tools. Automation was introduced to speed up the process and boost productivity, and the testing industry is seeing these effects thanks to tools like Selenium. One of the most crucial requirements in the development cycle today is selenium. You may speed up your automation activity with the aid of Selenium frameworks, which will ultimately help in lowering the cost as well.

The best online Selenium training resources will inform you of the most popular Selenium frameworks. So here they are:

1.Linear Automation Framework.

One of the simplest and most straightforward frameworks, it enables the tester or user to manually record each step, including user input, navigation, etc. This framework is a set of rules used just to develop specific test cases. This can simply be customised and integrated with tools like Selenium for delivery utilising a CI/CD pipeline. In other words, even persons with limited coding experience can complete this job quickly, especially if a repeat scenario is needed. Consequently, there is also a reduction in physical labour and human error. Overall, there are undoubtedly a few features and suggestions that you may want to review before implementing. Among them are:

  • If you’re seeking for swift and quick test scripts, this is your only option.
  • Linear Automation does not require custom programming, making it possible for someone with little to no automation experience to manage the processes.
  • The Record and Playback Framework is another name for it.

2.Data Driven Framework.

One of the most well-known and challenging frameworks used in testing today is this one. It will not only be frustrating, but it will also lead to a great deal of confusion if you plan to conduct manual testing and attempt to keep all the records by yourself. A data-driven framework can help with that because it enables users to save all their data in one location (preferably MS Excel). By doing this, you’ll not only save time, but you’ll also be able to execute those test cases using other data sets. There are many other considerations when employing a data-driven framework in addition to Apache POI (used for Selenium) and logic scripts:

Top Selenium Frameworks Every Automation Tester Much Know
  • Simply because each test is kept independently, it is significantly simpler to change test scripts as needed.
  • Because it enables large-scale testing, a tester will eventually save more time.
  • Coding-wise, it is not very necessary in this, but on the other hand, it is also compatible with a variety of data sets.

3.Modular Based Testing Framework.

With the help of this framework, testers can separate a whole application into smaller modules or clusters of smaller modules, allowing them to individually write new test scripts for each as necessary. In addition, it adheres to the principle of abstraction, which calls for the injection of test data into test scripts in order to shield them from the effects of all modules or clusters. As a result, the test script for additional modules or clusters won’t change. In addition, it has the following features:

  • The framework is very scalable and has no trouble creating test scripts on its own.
  • It is one of the frameworks to work on that is most economical.
  • It can take less effort to build test cases because test scripts for various modules can be reused.

4.Keyword Driven Framework.

It’s an extension of a data-driven testing framework that not only keeps a specific set of code from the test script in an external data file but also separates the test data from the scripts. These sets of code are known as keywords. In addition, it is sometimes referred to as a table-driven framework because all the data stored within it is organised in a tabular fashion. In addition to all of this, there are a few factors to take into account before selecting this one:

Top Selenium Frameworks Every Automation Tester Much Know
  • To implement this framework flawlessly, good hands-on test automation will undoubtedly be needed.
  • The code is reusable in this framework because it only requires a single keyword to execute many test scripts.
  • With the aid of this framework, the test scripts can be created independently of the application under test.

5.Library Architecture Testing Framework.

It is built on a modular architecture, which assists in breaking the application up into functions that can be utilised by other portions of the app as well, as opposed to breaking it up into test scripts. Selenium WebDriver is frequently used in this framework, however, Robot Framework is ideally suited for examining functions other than websites, such as FTP, Android, etc. It is a Python-based framework, however, Jython or IronPython are also options. It is also known as structured scripting or functional decomposition, and a tester must be proficient in coding in order to use it. Let’s explore some further crucial elements of the library architecture framework:

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  • Because of its robustness, it provides testing that is extremely scalable.
  • The framework is viewed as affordable and simple to maintain.
  • If you go deeper, you can utilise this structure for inventory management systems, where routine tasks are repeated frequently.

6.Hybrid Test Automation.

It combines several frameworks, including the keyword and data frameworks. Even now, the majority of firms use hybrid test automation since it produces superior results and is simple to modify when necessary. As inputs and functions are kept in distinct files, it enables the tester to utilise a variety of keywords and data sets. The data-driven architecture, as we’ve already established, has the potential to use a variety of data sources. Particularly non-coders with little to no programming experience utilise this framework. Here are some more aspects of the hybrid test automation framework to look at:

  • It makes installation and maintenance simple.
  • By establishing standards, a hybrid test framework implements test automation consistency.
  • Hybrid technology implements your framework as a distinct program, giving the user tool freedom.


You can quickly determine how to make the best use of these frameworks by taking into account their features and requirements. In addition to this, you must ensure that the framework you chose will operate with the automation tool in order to get the desired outcomes. You can check out the online Selenium certification course to learn more about Selenium and its frameworks.

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