Selenium Webdriver is a potent tool for programmatically manipulating web browsers. All major browsers and operating systems may use it, and its scripts are produced in a variety of languages, including Python, Java, C#, and others. One of the most popular automation tools used by developers worldwide is Selenium Webdriver.
An open-source collection of APIs called Selenium Webdriver is used to test web applications. To determine whether a web application performs as intended or not, automated testing is done using the Selenium Webdriver tool. It mostly supports Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, and Safari. You may also carry out cross-browser testing thanks to it.
You can also use a programming language with WebDriver to write your test scripts (not possible in Selenium IDE).
Now you may utilise conditional procedures like switch-case and if-then-else. You may also use looping techniques like do-while.
In order to ensure that online applications function as expected, automated testing is done using the Selenium WebDriver tool. Numerous browsers, including Firefox, Chrome, IE, and Safari, are supported. However, we can only automate testing for web apps when utilising the Selenium WebDriver. It is ineligible for use with window-based applications. For building test scripts, it also supports a variety of programming languages, including C#, Java, Perl, PHP, and Ruby. Since the same code may be used on other Operating Systems like Microsoft Windows, Apple OS, and Linux, Selenium Webdriver is platform-independent. It belongs to the selenium family, which also consists of the Selenium IDE, Selenium Client API, Selenium Remote Control and Selenium Grid.
Although Selenium WebDriver cannot handle window components, this limitation can be worked around by using third-party programs like Sikuli and the AUTO IT tool. Additionally, it has many location techniques, including Xpath, ID, Name, Link text, Partial Link Text, Class name, and CSS Selector. Additionally, it offers greater support for dynamic websites like Ajax, where page elements can alter without requiring a page reload. Utilising Selenium WebDriver, we can test APIs, databases, and other things by using different jar files.
With just 15 to 30 lines of Python code, you can automate daily operations like managing your tweets, Whatsapp texts, and even simple searches without actually opening a browser with Selenium. You can learn about Selenium Webdriver by checking out the online Selenium certification course.
Applications and Uses of Selenium Webdriver
To ensure that online applications function as expected, automated testing is done using Selenium WebDriver. Numerous browsers, including Firefox, Chrome, IE, and Safari, are supported. However, we can only automate testing for web apps when utilising the Selenium WebDriver.
- Open Source and Portable: Selenium is a Web testing framework that is both open source and portable.
- Selenium is a set of tools and DSL (Domain Specific Language) that is used to run various types of tests.
- Modest to comprehend and use: Selenium instructions are grouped into distinct classes, which makes them simpler to comprehend and use.
- Less work and stress for testers: As was already said, the time needed to perform testing repeated test scenarios on every new build is reduced to zero, almost. Hence, the burden of the tester gets relieved.
- Cost savings for the clients in business: The business must pay the salaries of the testers, which is avoided by using automated testing tools. Automation benefits the firm financially as well as in terms of time saved.
- Increased test coverage: By using Selenium, testing time is lowered, allowing the tester to test more test cases simultaneously.
- Reduce the amount of time it takes to run tests by using Selenium’s support for parallel test execution.
- Fewer resources needed: Selenium uses fewer resources than its rivals RFT and UFT, for example.
- Multiple operating systems are supported, including Android, iOS, Windows, Linux, Mac, and Solaris.
- Supports a variety of browsers, including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Edge, Opera, Safari, etc.
- Parallel test execution is supported as well, which speeds up and improves the effectiveness of tests.
- A flexible language allows test cases to be executed on any operating system, including Linux, Mac OS X, and others, once they have been created.
- No installation is necessary because test scripts may communicate with the browser directly thanks to the Selenium web driver.
WebDriver represents a significant advancement in browser automation because it operates a browser natively, just like a user would, on a local computer or remotely using the Selenium server.
Both the language bindings and the actual implementations of the unique browser-controlling code are referred to as Selenium WebDriver. Commonly, this is referred to as WebDriver.
A recommendation from the W3C is Selenium WebDriver. WebDriver is intended to be an easy-to-use and more concise programming interface. WebDriver is also a compact object-oriented API. It runs the browser effectively.If you want to learn more about Selenium, then enrolling at a good online Selenium training platform is the best choice for you.