First off, it’s not an apple to apple comparison. Where .NET is a framework or a platform comprising of three main systems, Java is a programming language to the core. Each has its purpose to serve. It’s more like asking a random person which do you like – apple or an orange? The choice depends on the general inclination of the person. However, we would like to present the similarities and the distinction between both. For a live, virtual, instructor-led training in Dot NET online course, contact H2K Infosys, an established IT training provider for 15 years.
Java Vs .NET – Similarities
Both Java and .NET are ideal for developing desktop applications and building web applications. Java has the advantage of being in existence for a longer period since 1996. Java was a typical programming language until the Dot NET framework was introduced by Microsoft in 2002.
OOP – Both Java and .NET (C# and VB.NET) are object-oriented. This means that classes, polymorphism concepts are well intertwined in both.
Modular – Both allow breaking down of code into different functions/modules, which enhance the code reusability, decrease complexity, improves collaboration.
Similar Syntax – As both Java and C# emerged from C, C++, the similarities in coding structure cannot be ignored.
Java Vs .NET – Differences
The distinction essentially arises from the developers’ point of view. Each developer might champion either Java or .NET depending on their skills in each and from the application’s perspective.
Platforms – Both Java and .NET (.NET Core) as a rule work on both Linux and Windows platforms. However, intrinsically Java targets Linux while .NET is meant for Windows.
IDE – Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is another area where .NET and Java differ. DotNET has Visual Basic Studio, a sophisticated IDE that supports various tools for the developer to build and test software applications. Java has a wide range of choices to pick from – Eclipse, Oracle NetBeans, Oracle JDeveloper, IntelliJ Idea.
LINQ – Language Integrated Query is an integrated query syntax in C# and VB.NET which helps in retrieving the data from different data sources. This feature essentially overcomes the mismatch between programming languages and databases. There is no LINQ equivalent in Java.
Which is better for what?
As already stated, choosing between Java and .NET is dependant on the programmers’ skills. However, as a rule of thumb, .NET is preferred for building Windows-based applications as .NET is a local framework included in Windows.
Also, many programmers find building web applications in .NET easier as compared to Java. The reason behind it is .NET being a framework.
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Which is easier to learn?
Again, Java and .NET (C#) are similar in approach. Each has its own set of followers who have their reasons to find one preferred over the other. However, experts believe that Java being innately intuitive, and with fewer components is easier to learn.
Our final verdict lies with Java.
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