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The 3 P’s of Business Analysis 

The three P’s, or product, process, and project, are presumably familiar to you. This term is frequently used in business analysis. What are they, though?

Process management, product management, and project management are the three fundamental components of business analysis. The three are connected because they address the same problem: how to do tasks in an effective and efficient manner. There are good business analysis courses that properly explain the three concepts with respect to business analysis, so you can check them out.

1.Process Management 

The topic of process management is how to control the progression of work from start to finish. This covers every person participating in the process, their positions within it, and the connections between each phase and earlier ones. It involves identifying ways to increase productivity by simplifying or totally rethinking procedures. This can be accomplished by reviewing workflows, locating bottlenecks and eliminating them, or putting in place new mechanisms for improved communication among staff members or departments. Process management is the lifetime, from conception to delivery, of a good or service. It includes the tasks carried out throughout time to produce the finished goods or service.

The 3 P's of Business Analysis 

2.Product Management 

The goal of product management is to develop goods that are valuable to customers, your business, and your competitors. Planning the characteristics that will be essential for a product’s success and developing those features based on market research data gathered through surveys or focus groups are both involved in this process. In order to sell more units at lower rates than your rivals without losing money overall owing to competition between different companies offering comparable products at different prices, product managers must also establish pricing structures and distribution networks.

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Product management also entails testing the items that are already on the market and comparing their performance to those of rivals.

3.Project Management 

Project management is managing projects from start to finish. It entails establishing objectives for every stage of growth, delegating work to individuals who will do it, monitoring progress along the way, and making required adjustments in response to input from stakeholders (internal and external). From beginning to end, project management examines every facet of what is happening within a company and establishes strategies for how things will develop over time.  

The business analysis community uses these three Ps as a cohesive approach to assist firms reach their objectives more successfully than ever.

What is the evolution of the business analyst’s role in project management, product management & process management?

Any project’s business analysis is essential from the beginning to the end.

Business analysts used to frequently be hired as consultants and brought in to work full-time for their customers. Even while this method was entirely appropriate for many projects, there was a persistent sense that it was incomplete. 

This sensation resulted from the reality that, regardless of how skilled your consultant was at what they did, they lacked the in-depth familiarity with every aspect of an organisation that a seasoned BA had developed over years of employment there.

As a result, businesses would retain a skilled BA who could be used as needed in addition to hiring consultants as needed.

The 3 P's of Business Analysis 

It became evident that business analysis was not just about offering advisory services, but also about assisting teams in working more efficiently together with the introduction of agile development methods like Scrum or Kanban (or even more traditional approaches like eXtreme Programming). You actually wanted the people who were already on your team to be able to execute their jobs better because they had access to all kinds of internal knowledge through their interactions with others. This wasn’t simply about adding more people to your team.


Business analysts used to be in charge of carrying out every stage of what is now referred to as “business analysis,” which encompasses a range of responsibilities relating to planning, managing, and controlling projects.

Business analysis has gotten more specialised in the twenty-first century, with some organisations developing distinct jobs for each function. People with particular training and experience, such as Certified Business Analyst Professionals (CBAP) or Certified Scrum Masters (CSM), typically perform these roles. You can check out these certifications by enrolling in the business analysis training.

The development of project management abilities in companies that provide training for these positions to their personnel is the most recent change in this profession. There are several advantages to having a seasoned project manager on staff who can assist in training new employees in these areas, even though many firms do not need their employees to have any formal expertise in project management before they begin working on projects. This makes it possible for project managers and business analysts to collaborate more successfully.

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