With the advancements in the technology, many software testing tools are available to test various different features of a variety of software and to support the software testing activities. Software testing can be done in much more sophisticated and efficient using the testing tools.
The software testing tools provide various benefits over the conventional testing. The software testing tools are beneficial for creating repeatable & reusable tests. They are mostly used for retesting, regression testing, data-driven testing. There is greater consistency, efficiency, and reliability in the testing. The detailed report generation & objective assessment during the testing is possible using testing tools. The test result metrics can be used for better control of software testing process.
The software testing tools to test different features of the software are available and can be classified based on the type of testing performed, purpose, technology, availability (free, open source, commercial) etc. The software testing is done at the different levels of the software development by testers and developers as well. The testing tools are available for both developers & testers. The ones used by developers are more often available as the testing components or debugging components with the development tools. For e.g.: the Microsoft has Visual Studio Unit Testing Framework integrated into some versions of Visual Studio 2005 and later. Developers use the static analysis tools for automatic analysis of the programs to check the software structure and dependencies among the different software components. The development tools are available with many inbuilt debugging components which are used to debug the programs, statements, control flow, data flow and coding standards. The compilers in the development tools are used to debug the syntax errors in the programs.
Software testers use the software testing tools for automation of the testing procedure. The scripts are created to test the functionalities of software with a huge set of data values, check the expected outcomes and generate detailed result sets. The automation testers are hired for this purpose. The licensed versions of HP UFT (Unified Functional Testing), IBM Rational Functional Tester, open source automation testing tools like Selenium are very popular automation testing tools. To support the testing activities there are test management tools like Microsoft test manager (try it for free: https://www.visualstudio.com/team-services/testing-tools/ ) / Team foundation server (can also manage the testing activities along with development), HP ALM (Application Lifecycle Management). HP (former software division of Hewlett Packard) is now part of Micro Focus: https://software.microfocus.com/en-us/solutions/software-development-lifecycle . These tools are used to create, store, and create the traceability matrices, test cases, defects, generate the various customized reports & graphs. The defect management tools like Bugzilla, JIRA, inbuilt tools are specifically used for reporting & tracking the software testing defects. The tools like LoadRunner, Apache JMeter are popular software performance testing tools. There are plenty other tools to test Web services (ex: SOAP UI), mobile app testing tools, data warehousing testing tools like Informatics, database testing using SQL.
However, the testing tools have certain risks if not chosen carefully. The testing tool selection criteria include budget, the technology of software under development, vendor, interoperability, test environment, organization process and so on.
This article is written by Priya, Sr. Faculty at H2K Infosys.