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Web Servers : Apache Web server, IIS

What is a WebServer ?

Now lets us know what is a web server, it is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time. Web servers store, process and provide the webpages that are requested by the user. For e.g.: A user has a computer connected to internet, types www.h2kinfosys.com in the web browser like Internet explorer, firefox, chrome etc. The web server takes the request and process it by displaying the web page of h2kinfosys.com.

For huge software, the organization can have their own web servers, which is maintained by their own IT team or the task is given to some IT company. For simple web application, for e.g. a marketing website of a small business, a third party web server services can be purchased. We consider to examples of web servers: Apache Webserver, IIS.

Apache Web servers:

It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server. 

5: Workflow of apache web server | Download Scientific Diagram

As we call Apache webserver, it is not a physical server but rather software that runs on a server. Its job is to create a connection between the server and the browsers when visitors visit the websites while delivering files back and forth. Apache is customisable software. As it has a module based structure, these allow server administrators to turn additional functionalities on/off. Apache has various modules which include security modules, caching, URL re-writing, password authentication and more.

Some common features in Apache include .htaccess, IPV6, FTP, HTTP/2, perl/Lua, WebDav, Load balancing, URL rewriting, session tracking. An Apache webserver can host multiple websites on the same server without separating the server machine and apache software for each websites. This concept is called as Virtual Host or VHost.

There are two types of Apache Virtual Host:

  1. Name-Based Virtual – Host
  1. Address-based virtual – Host

Name based virtual host is used to host multiple virtual sites in one IP address. By setting the IP address on apache requests of desired websites are received. IP or address based virtual hosting we need to set more IP addresses configured on the server. If the server has 10 IP addresses then 10 virtual hosts can be created. Apache webserver is widely used by web hosting companies for the purpose of providing virtual hosting. Apache machine differentiates between different hosts and reside on the same machine.

IIS Web servers:

IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft .Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable. The internet cannot survive without webservers. Webserver is process of hosting web applications. This allows to process messages that arrive through particular TCP ports. 

The two main processes of handling the web requests are : either handle by single thread or to spawn a new thread for each request. The thread per request model of which that IIS uses will grab a thread from a thread pool for each request. 

IIS is rich in features. IIS is used to host ASP.Net web applications and static websites. It can also be used as an FTP Server and extended to host web applications built on different platforms.

There are many built in authentication options such as Basic, ASP.Net and windows authentication. One of the key features of IIS is the application pool. An invaluable feature is remote management. IIS can be managed via the CLI using power Shell. IIS works through a various standard languages and protocols. HTML is to create different elements like text, buttons, and image placements, direct interactions and hyperlinks. Developers can create IIS websites with a number of tools, including WebDAV which can create and publish web content.

The Differences between Apache and IIS are:

  1. IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
  2. While IIS runs only on the windows, Apache can run on different OS.
  3. IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like .Net and ASP scripting language.
  4. IIS has help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.
  5. The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.
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  1. Web server it is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time.
    For huge software, the organization can have their own web servers, which is maintained by their own IT team or the task is given to some IT company. For simple web application, for e.g. a marketing website of a small business, a third party web server services can be purchased. We consider to examples of web servers: Apache Webserver, IIS
    Apache Web servers:
    It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server.An Apache webserver can host multiple websites on the same server without separating the server machine and apache software for each websites. This concept is called as Virtual Host or VHost.

    There are two types of Apache Virtual Host:

    Name-Based Virtual – Host
    Address-based virtual – Host

    IIS Web servers:
    IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft .Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable. The internet cannot survive without webservers. Webserver is process of hosting web applications. This allows to process messages that arrive through particular TCP ports.
    IIS is rich in features. IIS is used to host ASP.Net web applications and static websites. It can also be used as an FTP Server and extended to host web applications built on different platforms.

    The Differences between Apache and IIS are:
    IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
    While IIS runs only on the windows, Apache can run on different OS.
    IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like .Net and ASP scripting language.
    IIS has help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.
    The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.

  2. Web server is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Apache Web servers are an open source of free software which gives powers many websites.
    Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server. IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable.
    The internet cannot survive without webservers. Webserver is process of hosting web applications. This allows to process messages that arrive through particular TCP ports.

  3. The Web Server (IIS) role in Windows Server 2012 provides a secure, easy-to-manage, modular and extensible platform for reliably hosting websites, services, and applications. With IIS 8 you can share information with users on the Internet, an intranet, or an extranet.

  4. Webserver is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time. Web servers store, process and provide the webpages that are requested by the user.
    It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server.
    There are two types of Apache Virtual Host:
    Name-Based Virtual – Host
    Address-based virtual – Host
    Name based virtual host is used to host multiple virtual sites in one IP address. By setting the IP address on apache requests of desired websites are received. IP or address based virtual hosting we need to set more IP addresses configured on the server. If the server has 10 IP addresses then 10 virtual hosts can be created. Apache webserver is widely used by web hosting companies for the purpose of providing virtual hosting. Apache machine differentiates between different hosts and reside on the same machine.
    IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft .Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable. The internet cannot survive without webservers. Webserver is process of hosting web applications. This allows to process messages that arrive through particular TCP ports.
    The two main processes of handling the web requests are : either handle by single thread or to spawn a new thread for each request. The thread per request model of which that IIS uses will grab a thread from a thread pool for each request.
    IIS is rich in features. IIS is used to host ASP.Net web applications and static websites. It can also be used as an FTP Server and extended to host web applications built on different platforms.
    The Differences between Apache and IIS are:
    IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
    While IIS runs only on the windows, Apache can run on different OS.
    IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like .Net and ASP scripting language.
    IIS has help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.
    The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.

  5. What is a Web Server ?
    It is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time. Web servers store, process and provide the webpages that are requested by the user.
    Apache Web servers:
    It is an open source of free software which powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is a very old and reliable web server.
    IIS Webservers:
    IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft . Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable.
    The Differences between Apache and IIS are:
    IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
    While IIS runs only on the windows, Apache can run on different OS.
    IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like . Net and ASP scripting language.
    IIS has a help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.
    The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.

  6. – Webserver is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time.
    – Web servers store, process and provide the webpages that are requested by the user. For e.g.: A user has a computer connected to internet, types http://www.h2kinfosys.com in the web browser like Internet explorer, firefox, chrome etc. The web server takes the request and process it by displaying the web page of h2kinfosys.com.
    Examples of web servers:
    1. Apache Webserver,
    2.IIS.
    Apache Webserver:
    – It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites.
    – It is a software that runs on a server. Its job is to create a connection between the server and the browsers when visitors visit the websites while delivering files back and forth.
    – it has a module based structure, these allow server administrators to turn additional functionalities on/off. Apache has various modules which include security modules, caching, URL re-writing, password authentication and more.
    – An Apache webserver can host multiple websites on the same server without separating the server machine and apache software for each websites. This concept is called as Virtual Host or VHost.
    There are two types of Apache Virtual Host:
    1. Name-Based Virtual – Host
    2. Address-based virtual – Host
    IIS webservers:
    – IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft .Net platform on the windows OS.
    – IIS is rich in features. IIS is used to host ASP.Net web applications and static websites. It can also be used as an FTP Server and extended to host web applications built on different platforms.
    – There are many built in authentication options such as Basic, ASP.Net and windows authentication. One of the key features of IIS is the application pool. An invaluable feature is remote management.
    The Differences between Apache and IIS are:
    1. IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
    2. While IIS runs only on the windows, Apache can run on different OS.
    3. IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like .Net and ASP scripting language.
    4. IIS has help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.
    5. The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.

  7. It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server we call Apache webserver, it is not a physical server but rather software that runs on a server. Its job is to create a connection between the server and the browsers when visitors visit the websites while delivering files back and forth. Apache is customizable software. As it has a module based structure, these allow server administrators to turn additional functionalities on/off. Apache has various modules which include security modules, caching, URL re-writing, password authentication and more.

    Some common features in Apache include .hatches, IPV6, FTP, HTTP/2, Perl/Lua, WebDAV, Load balancing, URL rewriting, session tracking. An Apache webserver can host multiple websites on the same server without separating the server machine and apache software for each websites. This concept is called as Virtual Host or VHost.er.
    There are two types of Apache Virtual Host:
    1. Name-Based Virtual – Host
    2. Address-based virtual – Host

  8. A web server acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Web servers store, process and provide the webpages that are requested by the user. For huge software, the organization can have their own web servers, which is maintained by their own IT team or the task is given to some other IT company. Examples of web servers are Apache and IIS web servers. IIS is from Microsoft and security features of IIS makes it safer to use than Apache. Apache HTTP server is the old server and it is owned by Apache Foundation. Web server is process of hosting web applications. IIS rubs only on the windows but Apache can run on different OS.

  9. Web server is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time.

    Apache Web Servers: It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache Foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server. As we call Apache web server, it is not a physical server but rather software that runs on a server. Its job is to create a connection between the server and the browsers when visitors visit the websites while delivering files back and forth. Apache is customizable software. There are 2 types of Apache Virtual Host:
    1. Name Based Virtual Host which is used to host multiple virtual sites in one IP address. Here by setting the IP address on apache requests of desired websites are received.
    2. Address Based Virtual Host where we need to set more IP addresses configured on the server. If the server has 10 IP address then 10 virtual hosts can be created.

    IIS Web Servers: IIS means Internet Information Services which runs on the Microsoft. Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable. The internet cannot survive without web servers. Web-servers is process of hosting web applications This allows to process messages that arrive through particular TCP ports. IIS is rich in features. IIS is used to host Asp.Net web applications and static websites. It can also be used as an FTP server and extended to host web applications built on different platforms.

    Key Difference Between Apache and IIS are:
    1. IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
    2. While IIS runs only on the wndows, Apache can run on different OS.
    3. IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like .Net and Asp scripting language.
    4. The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.
    5. IIS has help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.

  10. What is IIS?
    IIS (Internet Information Services) is Microsoft’s web server offering, playing second fiddle to market leader Apache. As is expected of a core Microsoft product, it only runs and is bundled on Windows operating systems, but is otherwise free for use. It is a closed software product and supported solely by Microsoft.

    What is Apache?
    Apache, or to use its full royal title The Apache HTTP web server, is an open-source Web server application managed by the Apache Software Foundation. The server software is freely distributed, and the open-source license means users can edit the underlying code to tweak performance and contribute to the future development of the program – a major source of its beloved status among its proponents.

    Difference between IIS and Apache:
    IIS only runs on Windows. Apache comes from the community itself. IIS has a dedicated staff to answer most problems while support. Apache optimized most of the OS including UNIX, Apple’s OS X, Linux.

  11. A web server is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time. Web servers store, process and provide the webpages that are requested by the user. For e.g.: A user has a computer connected to internet, types http://www.h2kinfosys.com in the web browser like Internet explorer, firefox, chrome etc. The web server takes the request and process it by displaying the web page of h2kinfosys.com.
    Examples of web servers: Apache Webserver, IIS.:
    Apache Web servers:
    It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server.
    IIS Web servers:
    IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft .Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable. The internet cannot survive without webservers. Webserver is process of hosting web applications. This allows to process messages that arrive through particular TCP ports.
    The Differences between Apache and IIS are:
    IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
    While IIS runs only on the windows, Apache can run on different OS.
    IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like .Net and ASP scripting language.
    IIS has help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.
    The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.

  12. Webserver is a software which serves websites on the internet, to achieve a particular goal it acts as a middleman between the server and the client. Servers are huge computers that store large amount of data and are accessible by many users at a time. web browser like Internet explorer, fire fox, chrome etc. For huge software, the organization can have their own web servers, which is maintained by their own IT team. We consider to examples of web servers: Apache Webserver, IIS.
    Apache web server is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Apache has various modules which include security modules, caching, URL re-writing, password authentication and more. An Apache webserver can host multiple websites on the same server without separating the server machine and apache software for each web sites. This concept is called as Virtual Host or V Host. There are two types of Apache Virtual Host: 1. Name-Based Virtual Host 2. Address-based virtual – Host
    IIS web server means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft .Net platform on the windows OS. While it is possible to run IIS on Linux and Macs using Mono, this is considered as unstable. IIS is rich in features. IIS is used to host ASP.Net web applications and static websites. It can also be used as an FTP Server and extended to host web applications built on different platforms.

  13. What is a WebServer ?
    Web servers store, process and provide the webpages that are requested by the user.
    Apache Web servers
    It is an open source of free software which gives powers many websites. Its official name is Apache HTTP Server which is maintained by Apache foundation. Its main job is serving the website owners, the content of the websites. It is very old and reliable web server.
    There are two types of Apache Virtual Host:
    1. Name-Based Virtual – Host
    2. Address-based virtual – Host
    IIS Web servers
    IIS means Internet Information Services, which runs on the Microsoft .Net platform on the windows OS.
    The two main processes of handling the web requests are : either handle by single thread or to spawn a new thread for each request. The thread per request model of which that IIS uses will grab a thread from a thread pool for each request.
    The Differences between Apache and IIS are:
    1. IIS comes as a package with windows and apache is an open software.
    2. While IIS runs only on the windows, Apache can run on different OS.
    3. IIS integrates with other Microsoft programs like .Net and ASP scripting language.
    4. IIS has help desk to handle most of the issues while support for the apache comes from the user community.
    5. The security features of IIS makes it safer than Apache.

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