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Manual Testing and Automation Testing

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The Manual testing and Automation testing are two ways of testing the software. Below are the differences between the manual testing and automation testing.

MANUAL TESTING:

In manual testing software tester plays an important role in testing all the defects or bugs in the software without using any automation tools. Here the software tester follows the manual steps to test the application. It is a step by step process in order to check the quality of the software. In manual testing 100 percent human interaction is compulsory . Without manual effort no testing is succeeded. Here software tester checks the complete behaviour and characteristics of the applications. It is done on all kinds of application for example this type of testing is done for projects which needs continuous updations and changing GUI’s. The goal of manual testing is to make the software error free and it is working on exactly the requirement of the customer. It assures the software quality. Manual Testing understands the problematic issues and it fixes from human perspective.

AUTOMATION TESTING:

The automation testing uses different software tools to test the source code. This type of testing is used to reduce the manual efforts. The automation testing tools are able to execute programs, check all possible outcomes and compare results with the previous test cases. Maximum number of tests is done in a shorter period of time. In this type of testing manual interaction is not involved. There are many tools used in automation testing like selenium and UFT(unified functional testing)tools etc.The main advantages of automated testing are :

  • It is fast
  • It is reliable
  • We can repeat tests many number of times
  • It is having a large scope
  • It is effortless

For example: A new user account is created during registration process. It checks whether the username is available or not. This testing is done using an automation testing tool like selenium.

Check your understanding:

1. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.

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55 thoughts on “Manual Testing and Automation Testing”

  1. Manual Testing is a step by step process in order to check the quality of the software. Software tester checks the complete behaviour and characteristics of applications. It makes the software error free and fulfills the requirement of the costumer. It assures the quality of a software and understand the problematic issues and fixes from human perspective.
    Automation Testing is done by different software tools to test the source code. It is used to reduce the manual efforts. These tools are able to execute the programs, check all possible outcomes, compare result with previous test cases. Selenium and UFT testing tools are used. It is fast, reliable,large scope, repeat test number of times and effortless.

  2. Manual testing is a step by step process in order to check the quality of the software, and tester follows the manual steps to test the application. It is working on exactly the requirement of the customer.
    The automation testing uses different software tools to test the source code, and it reduces the manual efforts. It is much faster, more reliable, and repeat tests many number of times without effort.

  3. 1. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.

    Automation Testing
    Automation testing perform the same operation each time
    Automation testing is very much helpful regressions in testing where code changes frequently.
    Automation testing will be useful to execute the set of test cases frequently.
    After making Automation test suites, fewer testers required to execute the test cases.
    Automation testing can also be done on different machine with different OS platform combination, concurrently.
    Using Automation testing, testers can test complicated application too.
    Automation runs test cases significantly faster than human resources.
    Sometimes it is not helpful in UI testing
    Automation testing is very useful for automating the Build Verification Testing (BVT) & it is not mundane and tiresome.
    Initial cost of automation testing is more than manual testing but useful always.

    Manual Testing
    Manual testing is not reliable. Using this method test execution is not accurate all the time.
    To execute the test cases first time using manual testing will be very much useful. But it is not sure that it will catch the regression defects under frequently changing requirements.
    Manual testing will be useful when the test case only needs to run once or twice.
    To execute the test cases every time tester requires the same amount of time.
    Using manual testing, testing on different machine with different OS platform combination is not possible, concurrently. To execute such task different testers are required.
    It does not involve in programming task to fetch hidden information.
    Manual testing is slower than automation. Running tests manually can be very time consuming.
    It is very much helpful in UI testing
    To execute the Build Verification Testing (BVT) is very mundane and tiresome in manual testing.
    Manual testing requires less cost than automation.

  4. Ans.: Difference between manual testing & automation testing are:
    • Manual testing is not accurate at all times due to human error, hence it is less reliable BUT Automated testing is more reliable, as it is performed by tools and/or scripts.
    • Manual testing is time consuming, taking up human resources BUT Automated testing is executed by software tools, so it is significantly faster than a manual approach
    • In Manual testing Investment is required for human resources BUT in Automated testing investment is required for testing tools.
    • Manual testing is only practical when the test cases are run once or twice, and frequent repetition is not required BUT Automated testing is a practical option when the test cases are run repeatedly over a long time period.

  5. Manual testing is a step by step process in order to check the quality of the software. it checks the complete behavior and characteristics of the application. this type of testing is done which needs continuous updation. it also understands the problematic issues and it fixes from human perspectives. whereas automation testing uses different software tools to test the source code. it reduces the manual efforts. it also able to execute programs, check all the possible outcomes and compare results with the previous test cases.

  6. In manual testing test cases are executed manually without any support from tools or scripts. but with automation testing test cases are executed with the assistance of tools scripts and software. Testing is an integral part of any successful software project.

  7. 1. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.
    a)In Manual testing ,manual step by step process is used to check the defects in the software ,where in Automation testing ,testing tools are used to test the software.
    b)Software tester plays crucial role in Manual Testing in contrast to the Automation testing where manual efforts are minimal.
    c)Automation Testing is fast,reliable,effortless,have larger scope and can be repeated more number of times in comparison to Manual testing.

  8. Manual Testing: Manual testing checks the systems for errors and defects using human interaction. It is a step by step process and requires human interaction continuously. It is done by manual testers. They check the complete behavior and characteristics of the software. It is done on all kinds of applications. Manual Testing is done on projects that require continuous upgrading and changing GUIs.
    Automation Testing: Automation testing is done by automation testers and uses different software tools to test the source code. It does not require human interaction. Automation testing tools like Selenium and UFT are used. They can execute programs, check all possibilities and compare results with previous test cases. It is fast, reliable, reduces human errors. Automation testing has a large scope. When a new user is registering for an account, the software checks the availability of the usernames. This is an example of automation testing.

  9. In manual testing, testers do not used any automation tools, they follow the manual steps to test the application. Manual testing is 100 percent human driven.
    It is done on the projects that need continuous updations and changing GUI’s. Manual testing assures the software quality and understands the issues and fixes them from the human standpoint.
    On the other hand, the automation testing uses different software tools to test the source code to reduce the manual efforts. The automation testing tools are used to execute programs, check all possible outcomes and compare results of the previous test cases. It’s fast, reliable, repeats tests many times, has a large scope, it’s effortless and efficient.

  10. Both are the ways to test and check the quality of the software, and the goal is to test the defects and bugs of the software. In the manual testing, human plays a important role. Testers check the complete behavior and characteristics step by step in order to check the quality, and Manual testing can make problematic issues and fixeds from human perspective.
    However, automation testing uses software tools to test the source code. Tools execute programs, check and compare results with the precous test cases. There are automation tools, such as UFT, Selenium, and they are fast, reliable, effortless and able to repeat tests many times.

  11. The automation testing is done by different software tools while manual testing is a step by step process completely done by human interaction without using the tools. Automation testing is fast, reliable, effortless and cost effective while manual testing understands human issues and fix it accordingly.

  12. The differences between manual testing and automation testing:
    Manual Testing :
    -The software tester follows the manual step by step process in order to check the quality of the software.
    -In manual testing human interaction is compulsory .
    -The software tester checks the complete behaviour and characteristics of the applications.
    -The goal of manual testing is to make the software error free and it is working on exactly the requirement of the customer.
    – The manual testing is used without using any automation tools.
    Automation Testing :
    -The automation testing tools are able to execute programs, check all possible outcomes and compare results with the previous test cases.
    -Maximum number of tests is done in a shorter period of time.
    -In this type of testing manual interaction is not involved.
    -There are many tools used in automation testing like selenium and UFT(unified functional testing)tools etc.
    -The main advantages of automated testing are :
    It is fast
    It is reliable
    We can repeat tests many number of times
    It is having a large scope
    It is effortless

  13. Manual testing requires 100% human interaction it is done by following step-by-step process in the specification document.
    It is slow when compared to automation testing. Usually manual testing is done when new functionality is added .
    Automation testing doesn’t require human interaction and it is fast and reliable and is used widely in regression testing and can be repeated same cases any number of times.

  14. 1.Automation testing is done by various automation tools available in the market while manual testing is done by just the human effort without any tool.
    2. Automation testing is very fast compared to manual testing.
    3.Automation test is cost effective when done on repeated basis compared to manual testing.
    4. Automation testing can be done only when a test will be repeated many number of times.
    5.Automation testing can be made to run even in the middle of the night and weekends since it doesnt need any human interventions
    6.Automation testing is more reliable than manual testing

  15. manual testing :- software tester plays an important role in testing all the defects or bugs in the software without using any automation tools. It is a step by step process in order to check the quality of the software. In manual testing 100 percent human interaction is compulsory .Manual Testing understands the problematic issues and it fixes from human perspective.
    automation testing :- uses different software tools to test the source code. This type of testing is used to reduce the manual efforts. The automation testing tools are able to execute programs, check all possible outcomes and compare results with the previous test cases.
    In this type of testing manual interaction is not involved.It is fast,reliable,effortless,It has large scope and we can repeat tests many number of times.

  16. Differences between Manual testing and Automation testing:
    Manual testing: Tester plays an important role in testing all the defects and bugs in the software. Follows manual steps in order to check the quality of the software. 100 percent human interaction is compulsory. Done on all kinds of applications. Require lot of time for testing. Assures software quality.
    Automation testing: Uses different software tools to test the source code. Used to reduce manual efforts. Manual interaction is not involved. Testing tools are able to execute programs. check possible outcomes & compare results with previous test cases. Max number of tests done in a shorter period. Can repeat tests many no. of times and effortless.

  17. In Manual Testing : Software Tester plays a major role in defect tracking and Automation Testing : Testing tools are Used.

    Automation Testing is fast and more reliable than Manual testing .

  18. Manual Testing- Step by step process by human interaction that tests the defects and bugs in the software without automation tools. This testing is done for projects that need to be continually updated.

    Automation Testing- Testing done by different software testing tools to speed up the testing process and compare results with other test cases. Very little manual interaction is needed for the testing.

  19. Differences between Manual testing and Automation testing:
    In manual testing software tester plays an important role in testing all the defects or bugs in the software without using any automation tools whereas in automation testing different software tools are used to test the source code.Manual testing is used to check the quality of the software whereas automation testing is used to check all possible outcomes and compare results with the previous test cases.In manual testing 100 percent human interaction is compulsory whereas in automation testing manual interaction is not involved.

  20. In the manual testing,human testers perform the testing steps with input data and observe the results.
    In the automation testing, the different software is tested using the automation testing tools to speed up the testing process and compare results with other test cases.

  21. Differences between manual testing and automation testing:
    Manual testing is performed by human resources whereas automation testing is executed by software tools.
    Manual testing is less reliable because to error is human, in comparison to automation testing.
    Manual testing is time consuming however automation testing is fast because it is done by software tools.
    Manual testing is useful when test cases are run once or twice and repetition is not required where as automation testing is practical option when test cases are executed repeatedly multipal times.

  22. Manual testing is 100% human interaction that follows step by step process to check for bug and errors. It does not used any automation software tools which runs on programs to execute to test for defects. It is said that automation is effortless, reliable, fast and can repeat test many times. UFT and Selenium are some of the automation software tools.

  23. Manual testing is done by humans to test software by taking data input and observing results.
    It follows stlc steps. No software tools ar used.
    Automation testing is testing of software using automation tools like QTP,selenium etc. these tools perform test execution , check results and compare with previous test cases. Tester writes test scripts which can be used repeatedly.
    It is very fast, reliable, effortless.

  24. Manual testing and Automation testing differences
    1. It is time consuming AND It is fast
    2. Manual errors might occur AND It is reliable
    3. testing repetition takes a lot of time AND repeat tests many number of times in less time
    4. Less scope AND large scope
    5. Requires testers effort AND It is effortless
    6. Human interaction is a must AND testing tools is a must

  25. Manual testing and Automation testing are two major types used in IT. Manual testers are involved majority of time to test the scripts written by developers, and testing all the functionality etc. logging bugs, then testing again after its identified by the developer. its time consuming. Automation testing is fast, reliable, and shows results faster.

  26. Manual testing is a step by step process in order to check the quality of the software.software tester plays an important role in this.it is done on all types of applications,here human interaction is compulsory.it assures the quality of the software.the issues are fixed from human perspective.
    Automation testing is done by using different software tools,no manual effort is necessary.these testing tools are able to execute programs,check the possibility and compare the results with previous test cases.It is fast ,It is reliable ,We can repeat tests many number of times ,It is having a large scope ,It is effortless.

  27. Differences between Manual testing and automation testing:
    Manual testing is not accurate because of human error while automation testing is more reliable and accurate because this testing is performed by testing tools.
    Manual testing is time-consuming and needs human resources while Automation testing is done by the testing tool so it is fast and doesn’t need too many human resources.

  28. In manual testing test cases are executed manually without any support from tools or scripts. but with automation testing test cases are executed with the assistance of tools scripts and software.

  29. In manual testing software tester plays an important role in testing all the defects or bugs in the software without using any automation tools. Here the software tester follows the manual steps to test the application.
    The automation testing uses different software tools to test the source code. This type of testing is used to reduce the manual efforts.

  30. Manual Testing as the term suggests is conducted manually by testers. The software testing is performed by manual software testers from start to finish with step by step process of testing. Manual testing requires high number of man-hours in testing and can be cumbersome for complex software testing. In automation testing, the test team uses automated testing techniques to test the software. Automated testing tools are faster, reliable and can be run multiple times.

  31. MANUAL TESTING:
    Manual testing is done by testers . Here testers play an important role . The process is done in step by step procedure to satisfy the customer. They will test all the scripts and if they find any defects ,developers will fix it.
    AUTOMATION TESTING:

    This testing is done with different tools like selenium etc. It is fast,reliable and effortless. Generally automation is used for performance testing. These tools are so expensive.

  32. manual testing is a testing done manually without using any tools. it involves a manual step by step procedure to check the errors .
    automation testing is done with different tools like selenium etc. It is fast ,reliable and effortless. Generally automation is used for performance testing.

  33. 1. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.
    Ans.1 Software testing can be broadly categorized into two areas.
    1. Manual testing
    2. Automation Testing.
    Manual testing:- In manual testing test cases are executed manually by QA as the name itself suggest manual.It is performed without any support from tools or script.It is best suited in scenarios like exploratory testing where testing is done using testers knowledge,analytical,logical skill and creativity.We need the human skills to execute the testing proces in this scenario.
    Also it is done for usability testing,here we need to measure how software is user friendly so manual testing is prefered.

    Automation testing:-Here test cases are executed with the assistance of tools,scripts and software.Tools used are Selenium and UFT(Unified functional testing) tools.
    It is preferred in the following scenarios like Regression testing,Load testing,repeated execution and performance testing.Where repeated execution of task then automation testing is best suited.

  34. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.

    In Manual testing, test cases are executed manually (by a human, that is) without any support from tools or scripts. Manual testing is not reliable. Using this method test execution is not accurate all the time. It does not involve in programming task to fetch hidden information. It does not involve in programming task to fetch hidden information.
    In contrast to automated testing, test cases are executed with the assistance of tools, scripts, and software. It is a method which uses automation tools to run tests that repeat predefined actions, matches the developed program’s probable and real results. Automation runs test cases significantly faster than human resources. Unfortunately, Initial cost of automation testing is more than manual testing but useful always.

  35. manual testing: In Manual testing the human carries out step by step process in order to check the quality of the software. Here software tester checks the complete behavior and characteristics of the applications. In manual testing 100 percent human interaction is compulsory. This testing is time consuming, can not be reused, and all the efforts are needed to complete the task.

    automation testing: In Automation testing the step by step process is carried out by the automation tool to check the quality of the software. This type of testing is used to reduce the manual efforts. The automation testing tools are able to execute programs, check all possible outcomes and compare results with the previous test cases. Maximum number of tests is done in a shorter period of time. This testing is fast, reliable, reusable, effortless.

  36. Manual testing is testing of the software where tests are executed manually by a QA Analysts. It is performed to discover bugs in software under development.
    In Manual testing, the tester checks all the essential features of the given application or software. In this process, the software testers execute the test cases and generate the test reports without the help of any automation software testing tools.
    In Automated Software Testing, testers write code/test scripts to automate test execution. Testers use appropriate automation tools to develop the test scripts and validate the software. The goal is to complete test execution in a less amount of time.

    Automated testing entirely relies on the pre-scripted test which runs automatically to compare actual result with the expected results. This helps the tester to determine whether or not an application performs as expected.

  37. • In manual testing, test cases are executed manually (by a tester) without any support from tools or scripts.
    • But with automated testing, test cases are executed with the assistance of tools, scripts, and software.
    • Manual testing less reliable, time consuming compare to automated testing.

  38. In manual testing, test cases are executed manually (by a human) without any support from tools or scripts, therefore, is time consuming. But with automated testing, test cases are executed with the assistance of tools, scripts, and software so it is much faster than manual approach.
    Manual testing is not accurate at all times due to human errors; but automated testing is more reliable as it is performed by tools or scripts.
    Both manual and automated testing require investment

  39. 1. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing
    Manual testing- software tester plays the important role, 100percent human human interaction is compulsory. Here software tester checks the complete behaviour and characteristics of the applications. Manual Testing understands the problematic issues and it fixes from human perspective.

    The automation testing- uses different software tools to test the source code. This type of testing is used to reduce the manual efforts. The main advantages of automated testing are
    • It is fast
    • It is reliable
    • We can repeat tests many number of times
    • It is having a large scope
    • It is effortless

  40. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.
    Manual testing is done by software testers without using any tools. He follows manual steps to test the application. Where as in Automation testing, testing is done using different software tools .Manual testing is used where projects needs continuous updating and changing GUI’s. Automation testing is fast & reliable.Where as manual testing is time consuming. In Automation testing tests can be repeated any number of times. But in Manual testing repeating tests are difficult .htere is human perspective in Manual testing but not in Automation testing.

  41. Manual Testing:The Manual testing are done manually without any support of tools.Due to human errors they are not accurate, not reliable and its time consuming.They are done with different testing steps such as test requirement and gathering, test plan and analysis, test design, test implementation and execution, defects reporting and tracking and test closure.Create test document by QA eg:RTM,test data, test case.
    Automation Testing:As the test are executed by tools it is more reliable, more faster and less possibility of errors.The testing tool can perform steps with different data sets eg:Selinium,QTP,loarunner.

  42. 1. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.
    a)In Manual testing ,manual step by step process is used to check the defects in the software ,where in Automation testing ,testing tools are used to test the software.
    b)Software tester plays crucial role in Manual Testing in contrast to the Automation testing where manual efforts are minimal.
    c)Automation Testing is fast,reliable,effortless,have larger scope and can be repeated more number of times in comparison to Manual testing.

  43. Identify the differences between manual testing and automation testing.
    In manual testing, the tester plays an important role, by executing the software and finding defects without the use of automation tools. This type of testing is mostly suited for exploratory Testing, adhoc Testing , usability testing. Here , human interaction is 100%. The tester follows the software testing lifecycle. Here human errors cannot be avoided.
    In automation testing, the software testing procedure is carried out using automation tools. It is also known as capture or re play back tools. Here, The test scripts are used to test the functionalities of the software with huge values of data sets, expected outcome, detailed generation of reports. Exhaustive testing can be possible. Human errors can be avoided. It provides reliable and efficient software. We can have confidence in the software. Quality of the software is high. Testing cost is low. Repeatable and reusable testing can be done because of this retesting and Regression Testing is possible.

  44. Manual Testing: In the software tester follows the manual steps to test the application. It is a step by step process in order to check the quality of the software. In manual testing 100 percent human interaction is compulsory. The software tester checks the complete behaviour and characteristics of the applications.
    The goal of manual testing is to make the software error free.
    Automation Testing:The automation testing tools are able to execute programs, check all possible outcomes and compare results with the previous test cases. Maximum number of tests is done in a shorter period of time. No manual interaction. There are many tools used in automation testing like selenium and UFT(unified functional testing)tools etc. Automation testing is fast, reliable. and test can be repeated
    For example: A new user account is created during registration process. It checks whether the username is available or not. This testing is done using an automation testing tool like selenium.

  45. Both manual and automated testing offer benefits and disadvantages. In manual testing (as the name suggests), test cases are executed manually (by a human, that is) without any support from tools or scripts. But with automated testing, test cases are executed with the assistance of tools, scripts, and software.
    Manual testing is testing of the software where tests are executed manually by a QA Analysts. It is performed to discover bugs in software under development.
    In Manual testing, the tester checks all the essential features of the given application or software. In this process, the software testers execute the test cases and generate the test reports without the help of any automation software testing tools.
    It is a classical method of all testing types and helps find bugs in software systems. It is generally conducted by an experienced tester to accomplish the software testing process.
    In Automated Software Testing, testers write code/test scripts to automate test execution. Testers use appropriate automation tools to develop the test scripts and validate the software. The goal is to complete test execution in a less amount of time.
    Automated testing entirely relies on the pre-scripted test which runs automatically to compare actual result with the expected results. This helps the tester to determine whether or not an application performs as expected.
    Automated testing allows you to execute repetitive task and regression test without the intervention of manual tester. Even though all processes are performed automatically, automation requires some manual effort to create initial testing scripts.

  46. Differences between manual testing and automation testing.
    In manual testing there is no use of software tool but is used in automation testing.
    Manual testing understands the problematic issues and fixes from human perspective while manual interaction is not involved in automation testing.
    Automation testing is reliable, fast, effortless comparing to manual testing.

  47. Manual testing Vs Automated testing:
    Manual testing is conducted by software testers alone, without the use of any tools. This kind of testing may be preferable for small projects and projects where requirements change frequently or updates are frequent. sometimes experienced testers can identify the change in functionality and test it faster.

    Automated testing: This type of testing uses tools for testing. This helps to speed up the process, helps in repeating the tests. Certain tests like load test, regression test are better if automated, as they need to be run over and over again. Selection of tools and use of automation depends on the sie of the project, type of testing, budget, skillset of the team. Learning curve for learning a new testing tool must be built into the project time and budget.

  48. Manual Testing – Manual testing is the process of testing the software manually to find the defects. Tester should ensure all the features are working per the end-user requirements. The investment for the manual testing is less compared to the automated testing.
    Automated Testing -Automation testing is the process of testing the software using an automation tools to find the defects. The test scripts are executed he results generated automatically using the automation tools. This is more reliable than the manual testing as human errors are reduced. The test scripts are reused but this is not possible in manual testing. Manual testing is very time consuming.

  49. • In Manual testing, the software tester tests all the defects or bugs in the software without using any automation tools. Automation testing uses different software tools to test the source code.
    • Manual testing is time-consuming due to running test cases as everything is done manually. Automated testing is much faster than manual testing due to the use of software
    • In manual testing tester can observe the application during testing, making the user-friendliness better. In Automation testing, there is less UI feedback.
    • Manual testing is less expensive in the short-term. Automation testing could be costly initially, but in the long-term, it will reduce the cost.
    • Using Manual testing, Regression testing feels time-consuming and laborious. But in Automation testing, Regression testing is easy due to the use of tools.
    • Manual testing is less reliable whereas automation testing is highly reliable.
    • Manual testing has a low accuracy rate whereas automation testing has a high accuracy rate.

  50. In manual testing software tester plays an important role in the testing all the defects in the software without using any automation tools . In automation testing testers use different software tools to test the source code.
    In manual testing its 100 percent human effort . In automation testing it reduces human effort.
    In manual testing its slow and less accurate .In automation testing its costly but in long term reduces the cost and more reliable.

  51. Differences between Manual testing and Automation testing:
    1.Manual testing is performed by human resources whereas automation testing is executed by software tools.
    2. Manual testing is less reliable because of error in human in comparison to automation testing.
    3. Manual testing is time consuming however automation testing is fast because it is done by software tools.
    4. Manual testing is useful when test cases are running once or twice and repetition is not required where as in automation testing test cases are executed repeatedly multiple no times.

  52. In Manual testing tests are executed completely by humans, without any support of scripts or tools.
    In Automated testing , the testing is executed completely by tools or scripts .

  53. Manual Testing
    – the tester plays an important role. The tester executes the software and finds defects without the use of automation tools.
    – This type of testing is mostly suited for exploratory Testing, adhoc Testing, usability testing.
    – Human interaction is 100%. Human errors can’t be avoided.
    – It is time consuming as everything is done manually.
    – In manual testing tester can observe the application during testing, making the user-friendliness better.
    – Using manual testing, regression testing feels time consuming and laborious.
    – Less expensive in short term.
    Automation Testing
    – Test cases are executed with the assistance of tools, scripts and software.
    – Automation Testing has high accuracy rate and is highly reliable.
    – It is much faster than manual testing due to the use of software.
    – There is less UI feedback in automation testing.
    – Regression testing is not that hard because of automated tools.
    – Automation testing could be costly initially, but in the long-term, it will reduce the cost.

  54. Manual Testing:software testers plays an important role in testing of all the defects and bugs in the software without using any tools.software testers has to follow the step by step process to check the quality of the product.this type of testing is not successful without manual effort..it understands the issues and fixes from human perspective.
    Automation Testing:in this type of testing we use different software tools to test the secure code.it is used to reduce the manual effort.maximum no of testing is done in shorter time.manual interaction is not involved and many tools are used for automation testing.

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