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Software Testing Classification

An early software testing plays an important role in reducing the time and cost of the project, minimize risk of failure and deliver a software that meets the quality standards. Software testing mustbe done at different levels of the software development with a specific objective at each level. There are wide variety of software testing types to test the various features of software chosen based on the project scenario. However, the software testing can either be a manual testing or automation testing.

The software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing. In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting. Informal review can be conducted by a QA analyst anytime during the project. It is an inexpensive way of testing and the benefits depend on the software tester. Formal review or inspection is planned and controlled by the moderator (a test lead can play the role of moderator). The QA analysts review the software project documents assigned, before the review meeting. During the review meeting, errors are discussed, scribe (a role assigned to one of the tester during review meeting) documents the discussion. The reviewers submit review report to moderator at the end of review meeting.

Software Testing Classification      In the dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing. The two types of white box testing are unit testing and integration testing. The white box testing is also called as structural testing. Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components. The developers conduct the white box testing using tools in the development environment. The other type of dynamic testing is black box testing and it is also termed as specification-based testing. The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing. The system testing on the software is conducted by an independent team of QA analysts to establish the quality of the software. Both the functional and non-functional characteristics of the software are tested by the QA team. The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment. After the system testing, users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT. The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

Software testing should be a well-organized process performed by the experts using the best suitable test approaches with specific objectives at each level and achieve the desirable results. 

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  1. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.

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93 thoughts on “Software Testing Classification”

  1. software testing divided into two type 1. Static testing 2. dynamic testing
    In Static testing, documents are reviewed to identify the defects. The review can be a formal or informal or technical review, the informal review is done by QA Analyst at any time in the project. The formal or technical review is done by Moderator (test lead).
    In Dynamic testing, software is done during execution. Dynamic testing classified into 1. white box testing 2.black box testing
    white box testing is also called as structural testing.They are two type 1. integration testing is used to rest interface between components 2.unit testing or component testing is used to test each program in isolation.
    developers are used white box testing tools during development environment.
    Another type dynamic testing is black box testing .it is also called as specification-based testing.
    Black box testing again classified in to
    1.User Acceptance Testing(UAT)
    2.System testing
    System testing on software and both functional and nonfunctional testing id done by QA team.
    system testing is performed in the testing environment by using various tools
    After the system testing, users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing. The users perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  2. The software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing,
    In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. In the dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution.

  3. It is another nice article written by Priya on the Classification of Software Testing. Looking forward to see more on what kind of various different software testing tools are being used in IT environment for the software testing purposes.

  4. Two types of software testing are Statis and Dynamic.
    Statis testing- documents are reviewed to identify the defects.
    Dynamic testing- software is tested during execution. It is divided into two testers white box testing or black box testing.

  5. Unit Testing-testing one unit or group
    Integration Testing-testing several components for one output
    Functional Testing-to see if system function correctly
    System Testing-testing system in multiple enviornments
    Stress Testing-what a product does under unfavorable condition
    Performance Testing-how effective a system is when tested
    Usability Testing-testing how the client would interact with the system
    Acceptance Testing-done by the client on the finished product

  6. Static Testing – During this testing, documents are reviewed informally, or formally through meetings to identify errors.
    Dynamic Testing – In Dynamic Testing the software is tested during execution. Dynamic is classified into 2 types – White-Box and Black Box Testing. White-box testing is done by developers to check individual components (unit testing) as well as test the interface between programs (integration testing). Black-Box testing is done by the QA team. It is classified into system and UAT. System testing checks for functional and nonfunctional error, and UAT is testing the software usability by users with help of instructions or assistance by QAs or business analysts.

  7. Software testing done by Manual testing or Automation testing.
    Software testing types are Static testing and Dynamic testing.
    In Static testing, software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be 1) Informal review which is conducted by QA analyst at anytime during project and its an inexpensive. 2) Formal review or Inspection or Technical review, which is planned and controlled by the moderator. 3) Review during walk through meeting .
    In Dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing there is White box testing and Black box testing. White box testing has two types 1.Unit testing or the component testing and 2. Integration testing. In Unit testing each program is tested individually. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between different programs.
    Black box testing types are 1.System testing and 2.User Acceptance Testing (UAT) .
    1. The system testing is conducted by QA team to establish the quality of the software. In this testing both functional and non-functional characteristics of the software are tested.
    2.After the system testing, users tests the usability of the software in UAT. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT. In Alpha testing, users perform the UAT in IT environment . If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it is called as Beta testing.

  8. Testing can be done in 2 ways manual and automation as per the project need. They are further classified into static and dynamic testing .
    –>Wherein static testing is done at the starting phase of the project before the developments where the QA team check the errors in the docs by doing the review and make a note of them and the types of the tests include informal,formal,walkthrough,technical review.
    –>Dynamic Testing is the type of test which is done once the programming is done .It is further divided into 2 types
    1. whitebox testing : this is done by programmers .
    It has –unit testing and integration testing.
    2. Blackbox Testing –
    -System testing : This is done by QA to check the quality of the s/w.
    -UAT : this is done by users and QA may assist the users in doing the UAT .
    this is further divided into
    Alpa testing: Users do the testing in the IT environment.
    Beta Testing: Users do the testing in the real or Pre-production environment.

  9. There are two basics of software testing: blackbox testing and whitebox testing.

    Blackbox Testing
    Black box testing is a testing technique that ignores the internal mechanism of the system and focuses on the output generated against any input and execution of the system. It is also called functional testing.

    Whitebox Testing
    White box testing is a testing technique that takes into account the internal mechanism of a system(Code or program)

    Types of testing
    There are many types of testing like

    Unit testing is the testing of an individual unit or group of related units. It falls under the class of white box testing. It is often done by the programmer to test that the unit he/she has implemented is producing expected output against given input.

    Integration testing is testing in which a group of components are combined to produce output. Also, the interaction between software and hardware is tested in integration testing if software and hardware components have any relation. It may fall under both white box testing and black box testing.

    Functional testing is the testing to ensure that the specified functionality required in the system requirements works. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    System testing is the testing to ensure that by putting the software in different environments (e.g., Operating Systems) it still works. System testing is done with full system implementation and environment. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Usability testing is performed to the perspective of the client, to evaluate how the GUI is user-friendly? How easily can the client learn? After learning how to use, how proficiently can the client perform? How pleasing is it to use its design? This falls under the class of black box testing.

    Acceptance testing is often done by the customer to ensure that the delivered product meets the requirements and works as the customer expected. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Regression testing is the testing after modification of a system, component, or a group of related units to ensure that the modification is working correctly and is not damaging or imposing other modules to produce unexpected results. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Beta testing is the testing which is done by end users, a team outside development, or publicly releasing full pre-version of the product which is known as beta version. The aim of beta testing is to cover unexpected errors. It falls under the class of black box testing.

  10. Software testing is divided into two type of testing ,Static testing or Dynamic testing ,
    static testing : In static testing project documents are reviewed to identify the errors, the formal informal review are these review
    conducted by the QA anytime during the project.
    Dynamic testing :it has two type of testing white box testing or black box testing ;
    White box : it “s divided another two type of testing unit testing or integration testing both are using the development environment .
    Black box ; it is divided into system testing or user acceptance testing (UAT) ,the independent team test the system either functional or nonfunctional by QA,now user test the usability of s\w testing tools user can perform the UAT in IT environment it;s
    called ALPHA tasting after that s\w tested by user in real or production environment it;s called BETA testing.

  11. Testing can broadly be classified as Static testing and Dynamic testing.

    In static testing, review of project documents are done to identify defects or any missing information. Static testing can be done as either informal review, formal review or walkthrough meetings. In informal review, any tester can review any document anytime and no updates have to be sent. There’s no monitoring and this is an inexpensive approach. In formal review, the test lead will be the moderator who assigns roles and documents to the team members. Certain rules and checklists will be provided according to which the review has to be done. In the review meeting the defects will be discussed and documented by a member (scribe). At the end of the meeting, a review report which is prepared by the reviewers is checked by the moderator. Walkthrough meeting is held when any new information is to be discussed or when there are new members in the team.

    Dynamic testing can be classified as white box testing and black box testing.
    White box testing can further be classified into unit testing (testing each program independently) and integration testing (testing interfaces between programs). Both these tests are done by developers in development environment using development tools.
    Black box testing includes system testing and User Acceptance testing (UAT). System testing is done by QA analysts in test environment with software testing tools, to check the functional and non functional characteristics of the end application . UAT is done by the real users. When UAT is done in the IT environment its called alpha testing and when it’s done in the real environment it’s called beta testing.

  12. The software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing.
    Static testing:
    In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting.
    Informal review can be conducted by a QA analyst anytime during the project.
    Formal review or inspection is planned and controlled by the moderator (a test lead can play the role of moderator).
    The QA analysts review the software project documents assigned, before the review meeting. During the review meeting, errors are discussed, scribe (a role assigned to one of the tester during review meeting) documents the discussion. The reviewers submit review report to moderator at the end of review meeting.
    Dynamic Testing:
    Dynamic Testing classified in to White Box or structural testing and Black Box Testing.

    White Box Testing: – The two types of white box testing are unit testing and integration testing. . The developers conduct the white box testing using tools in the development environment.

    Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components
    Black Box Testing:-
    The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing.
    System Testing :

    QA team will be doing this type of testing. The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment. After the system testing, users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing

    UAT:
    User Acceptance Testing is done by Users .It is classified in to Alpha and Beta Testing. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT. When users perform the UAT in IT environment , it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  13. Static testing and dynamic testing. Static tsting is a revieww of project documents to identify erros Under Dynamic testing we have white box testing, black box testing. WHite box is where we can see the programs where as in black box, we cannot see the program. Then there is Alpha and Beta testing. Then there is unit teesting, integration testing , .

  14. The testing can broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing. Static testing means review of project docs to identify the errors.it can be formal ,informal or inspection and walkthrough . where formal and informal testing provides the project information and walkthrough provides project information as well identify the errors.
    Dynamic testing refers to software testing.it can be white box testing and Black box testing. White box testing is also known as structural testing and it is done by developer it can be an unit test and integration test. Black board testing refers to no program testing so it is done by QA and users the system testing is done by QA and UAT is done by users. It can be done in IT environment which is known as alpha testing and the testing in a real environment known as Beta testing

  15. There are two different categories of software testing. Static testing and dynamic testing. Mainly in static testing project documents are thoroughly checked and errors are identified earlier before it proceeds to other phase of testing. In Dynamic testing software is executed and it’s tested in different levels and components. Furthermore, dynamic is testing is divided in two categories, white box testing and black box testing. In white box testing, each unit of software is tested individually and after completion of the unit test it’s integrated and tested as integration testing where overall functions of written code examined. Black Box testing is done by QA and it’s categorized into system testing and user acceptance testing . The purpose of system test is to analyze quality of software , whereas UAT verifies usability of software in user end

  16. Software testing is of two types Manual and Automation testing
    it is classified into static and dynamic testing
    static testing is done to review the project documents to identify the errors.
    static testing reduces the errors ,time and cost and do improve the quality by the reviewing the document at each step.
    it has 3 techniques Informal,Formall and walkthrough way.
    In the informal method any QA can revie the document anytime in the project .This is inexpensive .
    In formal inspection their will be a test lead/moderator who assigns roles to the team and gives the checklists. There will be a review meeting where errors are discussed and documentation is done .scribe will make note of the meeting discussion .the QA s will submit the report to the test lead at the end of the meeting.
    Dynamic testing is classified into white box and back box testing.
    white box testing where programs are tested by the developers which is divided into unit and integration testing.In unit testing each component of the program is tested by developer .Integration testing is done to test the interfaces between components of the programs.
    Black box testing is divided into system testing and UAT testing. Here no programs are tested.
    System testing is done by real time QA s where they use testing tools to do the test.Once the system test is done the software will be ready for users to do UAT testing .QA s may assist users in how to use the software .if the UAT testing is done IT environment it is called as Alpha testing .If it is done in real time it is called as Beta testing

  17. Software testing steps – static testing and dynamic testing.
    static testing – the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting. Informal review can be conducted by a QA analyst anytime during the project.
    Dynamic testing – software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing.
    Software Testing- Identify the defects in the software and verify the compliacne of the s/w with client requirements.
    Software development life cycle – scope of identification, plan, analysis, design, develop,s/w testing,deployment,UAT.
    Scope of identification – High-level requirements are gathered from the client by the Business Analyst and/or Project Manager.
    Plan : In the planning phase, IT Project Manager plans the schedule and budget of the project. All the plans are documented in Project Plan document.
    Analysis – documents containing requirements and its specifications are to be signed off from the client like the mock up diagrams, use cases, context diagrams, activity diagrams are more commonly used to explain the client requirements. This task is done by Business Analyst.
    Design -blueprint or programming logic of software is designed by a Technical Architects team.
    Development – Program to design the s/w done by developers.
    S/w testing – Different testing levels done by QA to identify the defects and verify the requirements of client.
    Deployment- is to release the software to client with the help of administrators and whole team.
    UAT- end users are here to verify the product or software with product environments mainly Alpha and Beta.
    alpha testing – is done within the IT environment.
    Beta testing – is done in real environment.

  18. Name and describe different types of software testing you may have come across
    Software testing is broadly classified as Static and Dynamic testing.
    In static testing software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors . Review can be formal,informal, inspection ,technical or review during walk through meeting.Informal meeting could be conducted by QA analysts anytime during the project.. Its inexpensive way of testing. Formal testing is planned and controlled by test lead.
    Dynamic testing is testing during execution. It can be white box or black box testing. . The two types of white box testing is unit testing and integration testing. White box testing is also called structural testing. Unit testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components. Developers conduct white box testing.
    Black Box testing is also called specification based testing. System testing and User acceptance testings are under Black box testing. System testing is performed by QA analysts using software testing tools.QA assists the users in UAT. The users can perform the UAT in IT environment called Alpha testing and if the software is tested by the users in real or pre -production environment then it is called Beta testing

  19. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.
    Software testing is broadly classified as Static and Dynamic testing.
    In static testing software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors . Review can be formal,informal, inspection ,technical or review during walk through meeting.Informal meeting could be conducted by QA analysts anytime during the project.. Its inexpensive way of testing. Formal testing is planned and controlled by test lead.
    Dynamic testing is testing during execution. It can be white box or black box testing. . The two types of white box testing is unit testing and integration testing. White box testing is also called structural testing. Unit testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components. Developers conduct white box testing.
    Dynamic testing – software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing.

  20. 1. The software testing can be classified as Static testing and Dynamic testing.
    a. Static testing : The software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors.
    The review can be formal,informal, inception, technical or a review during walk through meeting.
    can be conducted by QA analyst anytime , its inexpensive way of testing
    b. Dynamic testing is tested during execution. It can be White box testing or Black box testing
    White box testing has 2 types of testing : unit testing and integration testing .
    unit testing is testing each program components in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program
    and components.

  21. There are two types of software testing.
    1. Static testing
    2. Dynamic testing
    Static testing reviews the project document to identify errors by QA. Example Missing Information.
    If errors are not found in first phase .Errors will be repeated and it will increase cost of project. So each steps require Review to eliminate errors. Static testing can be review by 3 ways:
    1.Formal/Inspection
    2.Informal
    3.Walkthrough
    Formal/inspection testing is lead by moderator. Moderator reviews meeting. He makes plan for project and also controls it .He makes checklist to work on. He is also test lead.
    Informal testing means any QA can review any document anytime in the project. It is inexpensive. No updates and no monitoring is required in this type of testing.
    Walkthrough is to provide project information to identify errors. New information is provided by Senior QA or test lead or Authors( A person who writes document )
    Dynamic testing are classified in two:
    1.White box testing
    2.Black box testing
    white box testing is also called as structural testing where developer can see the programs coding. There are two types:
    1.Unit/Component testing
    2.Integration testing
    Unit testing means each component is tested separately.
    Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components.
    Black box testing are again classified in two:
    System testing
    UAT(User acceptance testing)
    System testing means it is done by QA team to verify the defects.
    After system testing now software is ready for user to use it.Users are using this software in two types of testing.
    Alpha testing
    Beta testing
    Alpha test means users are using this software in IT environment with help of developer and team.
    Beta testing means users are using software in Real or Pre production environment.

  22. Software testing are manual or automation testing, generally called Static or dynamic testing. Static
    The software testing is classified as static testing and dynamic testing.
    Static testing: software project documents are first reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting. Informal review is done by a QA analyst anytime during the project. It is inexpensive. Formal review or inspection is planned and controlled by the moderator. The QA analysts review the software project documents assigned, before the review meeting. Errors are discussed during the review meeting with a scribe documenting the discussion. The reviewers submit review report to moderator at the end of review meeting.
    Dynamic testing::
    Software is tested during the execution which can be white box testing (structural testing} or black box testing.
    White box testing:
    The two types of white box testing are unit testing (component testing) is testing each program component in isolation and integration testing test the interfaces between the program components. White box testing is done by the developers using tools in the development environment.
    Black box testing
    Black box testing {specification-based testing} comprises of system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT). Independent team of QA analysts conduct system testing to establish the quality of the software.. The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment. Users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing after the system testing,. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT. Alpha testing is when the users perform the UAT in IT environment. Beta testing is when the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment.

  23. 1. There is manual testing and automation testing. Software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing in which project documents are reviewed to identify errors, or dynamic testing which is software tested during execution. Dynamic testing is further classified into white box testing or black box testing. White box testing is composed of unit testing and integration testing and is done by developers. Black box testing is composed of system testing done by the QA and user acceptance testing done by users.

  24. Testing Types:
     Static Testing: Reviewing of project documents to identify errors.
    o Techniques of Static testing:
     Informal Testing: It’s an inexpensive procedure where the QA can review any document any time during the project without any updates and monitoring. Mainly done to identify errors.
     Formal Inspection: The moderator plans and controls the project and assigns the different roles for software testing. Once the errors are identified, there are formal review meetings held where they discuss the errors, decide how to fix it and later follow up on the errors.
     Walkthrough: Mainly done to provide project information and identify errors. New testers are provided with project information by the Senior QA.
     Dynamic Testing: It’s used for testing the software.
    o White Box Testing: Programs are tested.
     Unit Component Test: Testing each program component in isolation. Testing done by developers.
     Integration Test: Testing interface between the program components. Testing done by developers.
    o Black Box testing: No programs are tested. Different functionalities of the software is tested.
     Quality Assurance: Where the software system is tested.
     User Acceptance Test: Users test the software with the help of quality analysts.
    • Alpha Test: Testing is done in IT environment.
    • Beta Test: Testing done in real environment.
     Exploratory Test: Used to explore the software to understand the software, identify defects when less time is available for testing.
     Smoke Test: Testing the initial steps of functionality.
     Functionality Test: Testing each functionality in detail and in depth with different combinations of the data and the steps.
     Sanity Test: Testing initial steps of the functionality in which the defects have been fixed.
     Retesting: Testing if the defects are fixed.
     Regression Test: Test if new defects are introduced into the softwaredue to changes in software and its environment.

  25. Testing are of two type: Static Testing and Dynamic testing.

    Static Testing: Staic testing is done by QA to review the project documents to identify error. Techniques used here are Informal review, Formal review or inspection and Walkthrough.

    In Informal testing any QA can review any document any time during the project.

    In Formal testing or inspection everything is planned and controlled by the moderator. The QA analysts review the software project documents assigned, before the review meeting. Errors are discussed during the review meeting and everything is documented by a scribe. The reviewers submit review report to moderator at the end of review meeting.

    Walkthrough is generally done by senior QA or test leads where new testers are provided with project information.

    Dynamic Testing is testing of the actual software.IT is of two types white box testing and black box testing.

    White Box Testing: Programs are tested in IT environment by the developers.
    Unit/ Component Testing: Testing each program independently.
    Integration Testing: Testing interfaces or interlinks between the program components.

    Black Box testing: in this type applications are tested.
    System Testing: Software is tested by QA and released to the client.
    User Acceptance Test: Users test the software either in IT or real environment. there are two types of UAT:
    Alpha Testing: Testing is done in IT environment with the help of QA.
    Beta Test: Testing is done in real environment.

  26. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.
    A) Static Testing : review the code manually or the documents to identify the error.
    B) Dynamic Testing : software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be White box testing or Blackbox testing.
    B1) White Box testing also called structural testing which is done by developers in development environment. In unit testing testing will be carried out at program level. Unit testing and Integration testing are types of White box testing.
    In Unit testing/ Component testing each program component will be tasted in isolation. In integration the interfaces between the program components will be tested.
    B2) Black box testing is also known as specification-based testing. Black box testing further classified in to System testing and UAT. System testing is done by QA. UAT is performed by users which has further two types, Alpha testing and Beta testing. Alpha testing is done in IT environment. And Beta testing is done in real environment.

  27. There are two types of testings performed:
    Static and dynamic.
    Static is further divided into following:
    Informal where a QA can review any document any time during the project. there are no updates and no monitoring required. Its the most inexpensive testing method.
    Formal, which is done by the test lead, also called moderator. This requires planning and controlling. Different roles are assigned to different team members and meetings are conducted to review the progress and errors in the projects.
    Walkthrough: where new testers are provided with project information by senior QA or project lead.

    Dynamic testing is further divided into white box and black box testing. White box comprises of unit testing and integration testing which are done by the developers and black box testing comprises of system testing which is done by the QA and UAT – user acceptance testing which is done by the users. The UAT is further classified as Alpha testing – which is done in the IT environment and Beta testing which is done in the real environment.

  28. Soft ware testing
    Static testing
    Dynamic testing
    Black box testing

    Dynamic testing can be either white box or black box testing.

  29. Software testing is divided into static and dynamic testing:
    1. Static testing is reviewing software project document for any errors. Review can be formal, informal, technical or review during walkthrough meeting.
    Informal meeting is inexpensive meeting and can be done at any point of time by QA analyst. In formal meeting the QA analyst goes through the project document before meeting, during meeting scribe makes note of the discussions made and at the end of meeting reviewers submit report.

    Dynamic testing includes white box and black box testing. White box testing unit and integration testing. Unit testing means testing each program individually which is done by developers.
    Integration testing means testing the program interface which is also done by developers.

    Black box testing includes system and UAT testing. System testing is done by QA. Both functional and non functional characteristics of software are tested.
    UAT testing are done by users and QA helps users I performing testing in IT and real environment.

  30. Static Testing – During this testing, documents are reviewed informally, or formally through meetings to identify errors.
    Dynamic Testing – In Dynamic Testing the software is tested during execution. Dynamic is classified into 2 types – White-Box and Black Box Testing. White-box testing is done by developers to check individual components (unit testing) as well as test the interface between programs (integration testing). Black-Box testing is done by the QA team. It is classified into system and UAT. System testing checks for functional and nonfunctional error, and UAT is testing the software usability by users with help of instructions or assistance by QAs or business analysts.

  31. Pingback: White box testing
  32. Software testing is broadly classified as static and dynamic testing.
    Static testing:Review of project documents by QA analysts to identify errors.Informal review is the inexpensive way of testing ,can be done by QA analyst anytime during the project.Formal review is controlled by moderator or test lead.The reviewers submit report to moderator at end of the review meeting.
    Dynamic testing:Functional testing of the project.Classified as White box(Structural) testing and Black box(Specification based)testing.White box testing is done by developers involves unit/component testing and integration testing.Black box testing involves System testing and User Acceptance testing.System testing is performed by QA analysts to check quality of the software . User acceptance testing is performed by users or clients.UAT performed in Development environment is called Alpha testing whereas UAT performed in real or pre-production environment is called Beta testing.

  33. Software testing-> static testing and dynamic testing
    Dynamic testing-> Whitebox and black box testing
    white box testing-> unit testing and integration testing
    black box testing-> system testing and UAT
    UAT-> Alpha testing and beta tesating

  34. There are two basics of software testing:
    Blackbox Testing
    Black box testing is a testing technique that ignores the internal mechanism of the system and focuses on the output generated against any input and execution of the system. It is also called functional testing.
    Whitebox Testing
    White box testing is a testing technique that takes into account the internal mechanism of a system. It is also called structural testing and glass box testing.
    Black box testing is often used for validation and white box testing is often used for verification.

    Types of Software Testing:
    Unit Testing
    Unit testing is the testing of an individual unit or group of related units. It falls under the class of white box testing. It is often done by the programmer to test that the unit he/she has implemented is producing expected output against given input.

    Integration Testing
    Integration testing is testing in which a group of components are combined to produce output. Also, the interaction between software and hardware is tested in integration testing if software and hardware components have any relation. It may fall under both white box testing and black box testing.

    Functional Testing
    Functional testing is the testing to ensure that the specified functionality required in the system requirements works. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    System Testing
    System testing is the testing to ensure that by putting the software in different environments (e.g., Operating Systems) it still works. System testing is done with full system implementation and environment. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Stress Testing
    Stress testing is the testing to evaluate how system behaves under unfavorable conditions. Testing is conducted at beyond limits of the specifications. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Performance Testing
    Performance testing is the testing to assess the speed and effectiveness of the system and to make sure it is generating results within a specified time as in performance requirements. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Usability Testing
    Usability testing is performed to the perspective of the client, to evaluate how the GUI is user-friendly? How easily can the client learn? After learning how to use, how proficiently can the client perform? How pleasing is it to use its design? This falls under the class of black box testing.

    Acceptance Testing
    Acceptance testing is often done by the customer to ensure that the delivered product meets the requirements and works as the customer expected. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Regression Testing
    Regression testing is the testing after modification of a system, component, or a group of related units to ensure that the modification is working correctly and is not damaging or imposing other modules to produce unexpected results. It falls under the class of black box testing.

    Beta Testing
    Beta testing is the testing which is done by end users, a team outside development, or publicly releasing full pre-version of the product which is known as beta version. The aim of beta testing is to cover unexpected errors. It falls under the class of black box testing.

  35. Ans.: The software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing.
    In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or
    inspection, technical review, or a review during walk through meeting.
    In the dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing.
    White box testing: The white box testing is also called as structural testing. Program can be seen in white box testing. The two types of white box
    testing are unit testing and integration testing.
    Unit Testing: Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation.
    Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components.
    Black Box Testing: Black Box Testing is termed as specification-based testing. Program can’t be seen in black box testing. The system testing and user
    acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing.
    System Testing: The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment
    UAT: User can test the usability of the software in UAT. The two types of UAT are Alpha & Beta. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT.
    Alpha Testing: It is done in IT environment.
    Beta testing: It is done in the real or pre-production environment .

  36. The different types of software testing are :
    * STATIC TESTING
    * DYNAMIC TEST
    * STATIC TESTING : Review of project documents to Identify errors in documents by QA .
    Different technique of static testing :
    Informal testing – Identify error
    Formal/Inspection Testing -Identify error
    Walk through -Provide project information to new tester to identity errors.
    *DYNAMIC TESTING: Dynamic testing ,software is tested during the execution. It can be either be :
    1.White Box testing
    2.Black Box Testing
    1.White box testing : There are two types (i) Unit testing (ii) Integration testing
    2. Black box testing : There are two types (i) System testing (ii) UAT
    UAT- User Acceptance testing
    The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing.
    If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  37. 1.software testing is either manual testing or automation testing.
    2.The software testing types is classified as static testing and dynamic testing.
    3.static testing – documents are reviewed.
    4.dynamic testing – software is tested during the execution: white box or black box testing.
    5.white box testing- it is done by developers under development environment- unit testing and integration testing
    6.black box testing- system testing by QA, and UAT by users. UAT- alpha testing under IT environment, beta testing under real or pre-production environment.

  38. Testing Types:
    (A)Static Testing:
    1.Informal Testing 2. Formal Inspection 3. Walkthrough.
    (B)Dynamic Testing:
    (1) White Box Testing: (a)Unit Component Test (b)Integration Test
    (2) Black Box testing: (a)System testing
    (b)User Acceptance Test
    • Alpha Test.
    • Beta Test
    Other types of testing
    1.Exploratory Test 2.Smoke Test 3.Functionality Test
    4.Sanity Test 5. Retesting Test 6. Regression Test

  39. Testing can be done manually and with automation tools. Software testing can be classified as static testing and dynamic testing.
    Stating testing – projects are reviewed to identify errors. it can be informal, formal, inspection and walk through method.
    Dynamic testing – software is tested during execution and classified into white box testing and black box testing.
    white box testing – it is done by the developers in the code level and it has two types unit or component testing and integration testing.
    unit/component testing – testing done in each module or component to detect the errors
    integration testing – all the unit or modules are test individually then integrated then tested as a whole software
    black box testing – this test is performed by the QA particularly on specification or requirement based testing and it is classified into system testing and user acceptance testing.
    user acceptance testing – alpha testing done in the IT environment and beta testing done in the real environment

  40. Manual and automation testing are classified into Static and Dynamic testing. stactic testing is when software documents are reviewed to find errors. This can be informat, format, inspection, walkthrough meeting. The moderator controled the format review and inspetion.
    Black box testing, ignores the internal mechanism of the system and focuses on the output generated against input and execution of the system. This is also a functional testing.
    White box testing consiste of Unit or component testing, every component of software is tested with the intergration testing to the interface.

  41. Ans: Static testing technically helps to find out and avoid the defects of the documents that is made mistake by the business analyst. The documents can be reviewed by informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting. This testing can be done by inexpensive way by a QA analyst anytime during the project. When the defects of the document are found earlier in the review meeting, development will be productive and lots of improvements can be done by the trained lead or moderator and finally less number of modifications of software will be done.

  42. Ans:
    Static testing technically helps to find out and avoid the defects of the documents that is made mistake by the business analyst. The documents can be reviewed by informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting. This testing can be done by inexpensive way by a QA analyst anytime during the project. When the defects of the document are found earlier in the review meeting, development will be productive and lots of improvements can be done by the trained lead or moderator and finally less number of modifications of software will be done.
    Dynamic testing is tested during the execution and can be tested by white box testing or black box testing.
    White box testing is included into unit testing and integration testing. Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components.
    The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing. The system testing on the software is conducted by an independent team of QA analysts to establish the quality of the software. The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing. The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment, functionally and non functionally characteristics by the QA team. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT. The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  43. Different types of software testing that I have come across are:
    – White box testing: Unit/Component testing and Integration testing using inbuilt debugging tools in VB.net
    – Beta testing: Real time environment testing of multiple softwares on daily basis, web based and windows based.

  44. Software testing can be manual or automation. It is broadly classified into Static Testing & Dynamic testing.
    Static testing is reviewing of project documents by QA to identify errors. This can be done formally or informally. Informal review can be done by QA anytime during the project & is inexpensive. Formally it is done by test lead & discussions are documented by Scribe.
    Dynamic testing is where software is tested in execution. It can be white box or black box testing. White box testing consists if Unit or Component testing where every component of software is tested & Integration testing to test interfaces if the components.
    Black box testing consists if System Testing done by QA and UAT User Acceptance Testing. QA helps UAT in IT environment called Alpha testing and in real environment in Beta testing

  45. This article covers the classification of software testing – static and dynamic, white box and black box testing, Unit/component testing, integration testing, system testing, user acceptance testing, Apha and Beta testing.

  46. There are 2 types of software testing.
    1.Static testing: In this testing, all BRD and FSD are reviewed formally or informally and it is done by QA.
    2. Dynamic Testing: This type of testing happens when development is done. In this category, there is two type of testing which is: White box testing and Black box testing.
    White Box testing: A. Unit testing
    B. Integration testing
    White box testing is done by developers because it is testing of all the codes and programs.

    Black Box Testing:
    System Testing: In this testing, both Functional and non-functional characteristics of software are tested by QA.
    User Acceptance Testing (UAT): UAT are classified in 2 types of testing
    1. Alpha testing: After the system testing, users test the usability of the software in UAT. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT.
    2. Beta testing: In this testing, Software is tested by users in real time or pre-production

  47. Software testing can be either Manual or Automation. It is broadly classified into Static and Dynamic testing.
    1.Static testing:
    Project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal, formal, technical and walkthrough.
    Informal review: Can be conducted by QA at anytime of the project.
    Formal review: Planned and controlled by team lead/ moderator. The QA review the project documents assigned before the review meeting. During the review meeting, errors are discussed, scribe documents the discussion. The reviewers submit the review report to the moderator at the end of the meeting.
    Walkthrough: The project documents are assigned to the new testers inorder to review.
    2. Dynamic testing:
    It is classified into white box testing and black box testing.
    a)White box testing: Also known as structural testing. it is conducted by the developers using tools in the development platform. It is divided into 2 types.
    – Unit/Component testing: testing each program component in isolation.
    – Integration testing: testing the interfaces between the program components.
    b) Black box testing: Also know as specification based testing. It is divided into 2 types.
    – System testing: It is conducted by QA to establish the quality of the software. Both the functionalities and non-functionalities of the software are tested. It is performed by using various tools in test environment.
    – User acceptance testing: It is conducted after the system testing. Users can test the usability of the software. The QA may assist the users in UAT. Users performing UAT in IT environment is called alpha testing whereas in real environment it is called beta testing.

  48. Software testing can be manual or automated and is classified in to Static and Dynamic testing.

    Stating testing is done to identify error, different techniques of stating testing are informal, formal, inspection and walk through method.
    In Dynamic testing the software is tested during execution and it is classified into white box testing and black box testing.

  49. Software testing is mainly divided into-
    – Static Testing (review of project documents)
    -Dynamic Testing(Checking actual Software for it’s functionality)
    Dynamic testing is further classified into
    – White Box testing(performed by developers to test the programs )
    – Black Box testing (No programs are tested )
    White box testing is divided into-
    – Unit or Component testing (tests individual programs and testing performed by developers)
    -Integration testing (tests functionality of software by performing interface testing)
    Black box testing is divided into
    -System testing (performed by QA test the software functionality and individual programs are not tested)
    -UAT (user acceptance testing) divided into
    -Alpha testing(testing is performed in the IT environment)
    -Beta testing (testing is performed in the real environment)

  50. Software testing is categorized in to two types:
    1) Static Testing:Here, the testing is performed by reviewing the software project documents to identify if there are any errors.
    Eg: Informal reviews,Formal reviews,Inspections and walkthroughs.
    2)Dynamic Testing: The software is tested during the execution .There are two types of dynamic testing:
    a) White Box Testing: It is also known as structural testing or glass box testing. The developers conduct the white box testing
    using tools in the development environment.
    Unit testing and integration testing are performed in white box testing .

    b) Black Box Testing:Black box testing is a software testing techniques in which functionality of the software under test (SUT) is
    tested without looking at the internal code structure.
    system testing and user acceptance testing are performed in black box testing.
    -System Testing: In this testing, both Functional and non-functional characteristics of software are tested by QA.
    – User acceptance testing in divided in to two types : alpha testing and beta testing.
    Alpha testing:The users who perform the UAT in IT environment is called as Alpha testing.
    Beta testing: The end users who perform the UAT in the real or production environment is called as beta testing.

  51. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.

    The software testing can be classified into Static testing and Dynamic testing.In Static testing the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors.The review can be formal or informal,formal review done by QA, informal Done by Moderator.
    In the dynamic testing we have white box testing,black box testing. white box testing we have 2 types, unit testing and integration testing. The white box testing is also called as structural testing.unit testing tests each program in component,where as integration testing test the interfaces between the program components.
    In black box testing we have system testing which done by QA team,they do both functional and non functional charactristics of the software by using software testing tools.After system testing users will do UAT by the users,if the users are doing UAT in the IT environment it is called Alpha Testing,if they are doing in the real environment it can be called as Beta testing.

  52. The software testing types are manual testing and automation testing.
    Software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing in which project documents are reviewed to identify errors.
    dynamic testing which is software tested during execution. Dynamic testing is further classified into white box testing or black box testing. White box testing is composed of unit testing and integration testing and is done by developers. Black box testing is composed of system testing done by the QA and user acceptance testing done by users.

  53. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.
    The different types of software testing are static and dynamic testing.
    Static Testing is the review of project documents to identify errors.
    Dynamic Testing is further classified in White Box Testing and Black Box Testing. In white box testing, unit / component testing and integration testing is done by developers . Black Box testing has no program testing and is further classified as system testing which is done by QA and UAT which is done by Users. Users conduct Alpha test in IT environment and Beta Test in Real Time Environment

  54. Software testing is divided into two type of testing ,Static testing or Dynamic testing ,
    static testing : In static testing project documents are reviewed to identify the errors, the formal informal and walk through review are the types of static testing.
    it is conducted by the QA anytime during the project.
    Dynamic testing :it has two type of testing white box testing or black box testing ;
    White box : it “s divided another two type of testing unit testing or integration testing both are using the development environment done by developers
    Black box ; it is divided into system testing or user acceptance testing (UAT) ,the independent team test the system either functional or nonfunctional by QA, now user test the usability of s\w testing tools user can perform the UAT in IT environment it is called ALPHA tasting after that s\w tested by user in real or production environment it;s called BETA testing.

  55. The Two types of software testing types are Manual testing and Automation testing.
    Software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing in which project documents are reviewed to identify errors.
    dynamic testing which is software tested during execution. Dynamic testing is further classified into white box testing or black box testing. White box testing is composed of unit testing and integration testing and is done by developers. Black box testing is composed of system testing done by the QA and user acceptance testing done by users.

  56. 1.Static testing: is the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting.
    2.Dynamic Testing: software is tested during the execution.
    Dynamic testing is divided into:
    a. White Box testing: Is also called as structural testing. This involves knowledge of coding for testing. There are two types of white box testing: Unit/component testing & integration testing.
    i. Unit/component testing: Testing each program component in isolation.
    II. integration testing: test the interfaces between the program components.

    b. Black box testing: is also called as specification-based testing. Coding knowledge is not required in black box testing. There are two types of black box testing:
    i. system testing: The system testing on the software is conducted by an independent team of QA analysts to establish the quality of the software. Both the functional and non-functional characteristics of the software are tested by the QA team
    ii.User acceptance testing: users can test the usability of the software in IT environment know as Alpha testing or in production/real time environment know as Beta testing.

  57. 1. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.
    In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors.  In the dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution. Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components. The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing. The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  58. Software testing is done at various levels of the development cycles (SDLC). It can be done manually or automatically by using automation tools.
    Software testing is mainly classified into static and dynamic testing.
    Static testing is the review of projects and documents to identify the errors.
    Dynamic testing is the testing of the software. It is further divided into white box testing and black box testing
    The White box testing are done by developers and comprised of:
    • Unit or component testing
    • Integration testing
    Black box testing:
    • System testing
    • UAT
    System testing are done by Testers. UAT is user acceptance testing which is done by the end users, and when done in IT environment (alpha testing) and in real environment (beta testing).

  59. Software testing is divided in to static and dynamic testing.
    Static testing: In this reviewing the documents, walk through to identify errors early. It’s an inexpensive testing and can be done anytime by QAs.
    Dynamic testing refers to white box and black box testing.
    Unit/ component testing and integration testing are classified as white box testing and are done by developers.
    System and integration testing types are referred to as black box testing and covers both functional and non functional testing types.
    Black box testing are alpha testing done by end-users in testing environment and beta testing done by end users in production environment

  60. 1. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.
    The software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing. In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting.
    In the dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing. The two types of white box testing are unit testing and integration testing. The white box testing is also called as structural testing. Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components. The developers conduct the white box testing using tools in the development environment. The other type of dynamic testing is black box testing and it is also termed as specification-based testing. The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing. The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  61. Q-1: Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.

    – There two broad types of software testing:
    a. Static Testing:
     In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting. Informal review can be conducted by a QA analyst anytime during the project. It is an inexpensive way of testing and the benefits depend on the software tester. Formal review or inspection is planned and controlled by the moderator (a test lead can play the role of moderator). The QA analysts review the software project documents assigned, before the review meeting. During the review meeting, errors are discussed, scribe (a role assigned to one of the testers during review meeting) documents the discussion. The reviewers submit review report to moderator at the end of review meeting.

    b. Dynamic Testing:
    In dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be either white box testing (Structural Testing) or black box testing.

    • White Box Testing/Structural Testing: The developers conduct the white box testing using tools in the development environment.
    – Unit/Component Testing: Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation or independently.
    – Integration Testing: Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components.
    • Black Box Testing/ Specification-based testing:
    – System testing: The system testing on the software is conducted by an independent team of QA analysts to establish the quality of the software. Both the functional and non-functional characteristics of the software are tested by the QA team. The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment.
    – User acceptance testing (UAT): Users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT.
    i. Alpha Testing: The users can perform the UAT in IT environment
    ii. Beta Testing: If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  62. Software testing is divided into two type of testing ,Static testing or Dynamic testing ,
    static testing : In static testing project documents are reviewed to identify the errors, the formal informal review are these review
    conducted by the QA anytime during the project.
    Dynamic testing :it has two type of testing white box testing or black box testing ;
    White box : it “s divided another two type of testing unit testing or integration testing both are using the development environment .
    Black box ; it is divided into system testing or user acceptance testing (UAT) ,the independent team test the system either functional or nonfunctional by QA,now user test the usability of s\w testing tools user can perform the UAT in IT environment it;s
    called ALPHA tasting after that s\w tested by user in real or production environment it;s called BETA testing.

  63. software testing divided into two type 1. Static testing 2. dynamic testing.
    In Static testing, documents are reviewed to identify the defects. The review can be a formal or informal or technical review, the informal review is done by QA Analyst at any time in the project. The formal or technical review is done by Moderator (test lead).
    In Dynamic testing, software is done during execution. Dynamic testing classified into 1. white box testing 2.black box testing
    white box testing is also called as structural testing.They are two type 1. integration testing is used to rest interface between components 2.unit testing or component testing is used to test each program in isolation.
    Developers are used white box testing tools during development environment.
    Another type dynamic testing is black box testing . It is also called as specification-based testing.
    Black box testing again classified in to
    1.User Acceptance Testing(UAT)
    2.System testing
    System testing on software and both functional and nonfunctional testing is done by QA team.
    System testing is performed in the testing environment by using various testing tools.
    After the system testing, users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing. The users perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  64. Types of software testing
    1. Static testing
    2. Dynamic testing
    Static testing:Project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. It can be informal,formal and walk through.
    Dynamic testing:It can be either white box testing or black box testing.
    Two types of white box testing.
    1. unit testing or component testing:
    -to test each program components.
    2. integration testing:
    -to test the interface between the program components.
    The developers conduct the white box testing using tools.
    Black box testing:
    1.system testing
    2. UAT
    System testing is conducted by QA.
    The users can perform the uat in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing,in real or pre production environment it is called as Beta testing.

  65. The two different types of Software Testing are.
    1. Static Testing – the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors either through informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting.
    2. Dynamic Testing – where software is tested during the execution.
    There are two different types of Dynamic testing namely , White box testing and Black Box Testing

    White box testing – also called as structural testing with further classified into two types – Unit Testing and Integrated Testing which are being tested by the developers in the development environment.

    Unit Testing is testing each program components and Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation.
    Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components.

    Blackbox Testing – also called specification based testing and classified into system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT). The system testing -Quality is the product of the system testing where both the functional and non-functional characteristics of the software are tested by the QA team. The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment.

    The User acceptance testing tests the usability of the software. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT. The UAT testing is further classified into Alpha and Beta Testing
    Alpha testing – when the users perform the UAT in the IT environment
    Beta Testing – when the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment

  66. 1.Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across?

    Two types of testing-static and dynamic

    static testing-review of project documents to identify errors by QA.
    dynamic testing-mainly categorized into two types white box testing and black box testing .
    white box testing-The actual program is tested here.The developers first do the unit testing.
    Testing each unit of the program is called unit or component testing.After passing that test the developers
    integrate the components and then next step of testing ie, Integration testing.
    black box testing-it includes system test and uat.
    The system testing is performed by QA using various Software Testing tools, in the test environment.
    After the system testing, users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing.
    UAT- is classified into alpha test and beta test.
    Usability of the system tested in IT environment is called alpha testing.If the usability of the system is tested by
    a group of targeted end users it is beta testing.

  67. 1. The software testing types can be classified as static testing and dynamic testing. In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walkthrough meeting. Whereas In the dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution.
    Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing.
    The other type of dynamic testing is black box testing and it is also termed as specification-based testing. The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testing.
    The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  68. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.
    Software testing can be Classified into two categories-
    A) Static Testing – In static testing there is no need to execute the code or no need to touch the application. It is a manual review of the documents to see if there are any errors so that they don’t further become defects in the software. It finds out the causes of failure(defects).
    Types of static testing –
    1) Informal Review- The testers before preparing the test data they review the documents to find out if there are any errors, if any errors , report them to the author of the document . Example review of FSD/BRD by tester any error in them report it to BA. It is less expensive way .
    2) Formal Review- The test lead (moderator) assigns roles and responsibilities, prepares rules and checklists, monitors and controls , gets updates from testers. Conducts review meeting where the testers need to come prepared. Scribe is the person who documents the happenings in the meeting. In the meeting , errors are discussed with possible solutions, if they cannot find solutions then they do a follow up with the client, Developers, BA . At the end review report needs to be created and submitted to the test lead.
    3) Walkthrough- The objective of walkthrough is to give the project introduction and identity the errors. It can be done by the Sr. QA, test lead or the author of the document.
    B) Dynamic testing
    Dynamic testing is the execution of the software. It can be classified into white box testing( you need to have a programming knowledge, done by the developers. It is also called structural or glass box testing. (unit testing, integration testing) ); black box testing (you don’t need to know programming to conduct black box testing. It is done by the QA)(system testing and UAT)); grey box testing ( similar to black box testing but you need to know some kind of programming. It is not very widely used).
    Unit testing – Each and every program needs to be tested.
    Integration Testing- Testing to see if all the programs are integrated properly. If not then they can become defects in the software.
    System Testing-It is done by the QA. In system testing the testers do both the functional and. NOn functional testing. To identify defects and verify the software compliance with client requirements.
    UAT- The users test the software in the IT environment. It is called alpha testing. The users test the software in the client environment. It is called beta testing.

  69. Software testing is done at different levels of the project development life cycles. It can be done manually or by using automation tools depending on the project scenario. Software testing is broadly classified as Static Testing and Dynamic testing.
    1. Static testing — In static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. The review can be informal review, formal review or inspection, technical review, or a review during walk-through meeting. Informal review can be conducted by a QA analyst anytime during the project. It is an inexpensive way of testing and the benefits depend on the software tester. Formal review or inspection is planned and controlled by the moderator (a test lead can play the role of moderator). The QA analysts review the software project documents assigned, before the review meeting. During the review meeting, errors are discussed, scribe (a role assigned to one of the tester during review meeting) documents the discussion. The reviewers submit review report to moderator at the end of review meeting.

    2.Dynamic testing— Here the software is tested during the execution. It is mainly classified into White box testing and Black box testing.

    a) White box testing is done by developers. It includes:
    Unit or Component testing – testing each program component in isolation
    Integration testing – test the interfaces between the program components
    b) Black box testing is done by QA and end users. It includes:
    System testing and UAT.
    UAT is of two types,
    Alpha testing – testing done in the IT company environment
    Beta testing – testing done in the real environment at customer site

  70. There are variety of software testing types to test the various features of software chosen based on the project scenario. This article covers the classification of software testing – static and dynamic, white box and black box testing, Unit/component testing, integration testing, system testing, user acceptance testing, Apha and Beta testing.

  71. Software testing is classified into two types as static and dynamic testing. Static testing is at the document level in the form of reviews, inspections, walkthroughs to reduce the errors in the initial phases. This testing is done by QA lead and QA analyst.
    Dynamic testing is performed on the software at the execution level. this testing is classified as white box testing and black box testing. White box testing is done by developers. Unit and integration testing comes under white box testing. Unit testing can be done at the individual programs and once all the coding integrated then integration testing will be performed.
    System testing and UAT comes under Black box testing and it is done by the QA team.
    System testing is to test the functional and non-functional characteristics on the software and after the System testing, UAT is done by the users. UAT is categorized as alpha and beta testing where alpha testing is done in the IT environment and beta
    should be done in real time.

  72. In Testing World Testing has been divided in two categories and then sub categories on the basis of their usage and importance Each type of testing has its own features, advantages, and disadvantages as well..
    Two Type of testing
    1. Static Testing:- Review docs of project to identify errors. sub categorized in the following
    a) Formal Testing
    b) Informal Testing
    c) Walkthrough
    2. Dynamic Testing: Execute Software . Again categorized in 2 type of testing
    A) Automation Testing: Automation testing is th process of testing the software using an automation tool to find defects.
    In this process, excuting the test scripts and generality the results are performed automatically by Automation tools.
    Some of the famous tools are: HP QTP/UFT, Selenium, Load Runner, IBM Rational Functional Tester, Skilltest,
    Testcomplete, Winrunner, WATIR.

    B) Manual Testing: it is the process of testing the software manually to find the defects.

    Types of Manual Testing
    1. White Box Testing:
    a) Unit Testing (Functional type Testing) Done by Developers test each program independently.
    b) Integration Testing (Functional type testing) Test interface between Programs.

    2. Black Box Testing: There are 2 types of Black Box Testing
    2.1) SYSTEM TESTING
    a) Smoke Testing (Functional Type Testing)
    b) Sanity Testing (Functional Type Testing)
    c) Retesting (Non Functional Type Testing)
    d) Regression Testing (Functional Type Testing)
    e) Exploratory Testing (Non Functional Type Testing)
    f) Performance Testing (Functional Type Testing)
    g) Load Testing (Non Functional Type Testing)
    h) Volume Testing (Non Functional Type Testing)
    i) Stress Testing (Non Functional Type Testing)
    j) Soak Testing (Non Functional Type Testing)
    k) Browser Capability Testing (Non Functional Type Testing)
    l) Cross Browser Testing
    m) Interface Testing/ External Interface (Functional Type Testing)
    n) Security Testing (Non Functional Type Testing)
    o) High Availability testing
    p) Install Testing

    2.2) UAT (User Acceptance Testing)
    a) Alpha ( done in IT Environment)
    b) Beta (Functional Type Testing) testing done in real environment by real users.

  73. STATIC and DYNAMIC
    The software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing. In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors.

    WHITEBOX and BLACKBOX
    Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing.
    White box;;
    The two types of white box testing are unit testing and integration testing. The white box testing is also called as structural testing. Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components by developers.
    Black box;;
    The other type of dynamic testing is black box testing and it is also termed as specification-based testing. The system testing and user acceptance testing (UAT) are classified under the black box testingmby an independent team of QA analysts
    The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment. After the system testing, users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing. The QA analysts may assist the users in the UAT.
    ALPHA and BETA
    The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  74. Types of Testing
    Static Testing – During this testing, documents are reviewed informally, or formally through meetings to identify errors.
    Dynamic Testing – In Dynamic Testing the software is tested during execution. Dynamic is classified into 2 types – White-Box and Black Box Testing. White-box testing is done by developers to check individual components (unit testing) as well as test the interface between programs (integration testing). Black-Box testing is done by the QA team. It is classified into system and UAT. System testing checks for functional and nonfunctional error, and UAT is testing the software usability by users with help of instructions or assistance by QA’s or business analysts.

  75. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across
    The software testing types can be broadly classified as static testing and dynamic testing. In the static testing, the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors. the dynamic testing, software is tested during the execution. Dynamic testing can be either white box testing or black box testing. The two types of white box testing are unit testing and integration testing. The white box testing is also called as structural testing. Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation. Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components. system testing and uat testing comes under the black box testing. Both the functional and non-functional characteristics of the software are tested by the QA team. The system testing is performed using various different Software Testing tools, in the test environment. After the system testing, users can test the usability of the software in User acceptance testing. The users can perform the UAT in IT environment and it is called as Alpha testing. If the software is tested by the users in the real or pre-production environment then it can be called as Beta testing.

  76. Types of Software testing
    Static testing :- Reviewing of project document. Could be Formal testing, informal testing and
    Walkthrough testing.
    Dynamic testing:- Software testing classified as White box testing and Black box testing.
    1. White box testing done by developers
    1.1 Unit/component testing:- testing each program component in isolation.
    1.2 Integrate Testing:- to test the interfaces between the program components.
    2. Black box testing:-
    2.1. System testing:- Testing of software before it released done by QA
    2.2. Users acceptable testing:-
    2.2.1. Alpha:- Testing done by the IT company
    2.2.2. Beta:- Testing in real environment done by the users.

  77. Static Testing – During this testing, documents are reviewed informally, or formally through meetings to identify errors.
    Dynamic Testing – In Dynamic Testing the software is tested during execution. Dynamic is classified into 2 types – White-Box and Black Box Testing. White-box testing is done by developers to check individual components (unit testing) as well as test the interface between programs (integration testing). Black-Box testing is done by the QA team. It is classified into system and UAT. System testing checks for functional and nonfunctional error, and UAT is testing the software usability by users with help of instructions or assistance by QAs or business analysts.

  78. 1. Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.

    Static testing – software project documents reviewed to identify errors
    Dynamic testing – software is tested during execution

    Sub-categories of Dynamic Testing:

    White box testing (AKA structural testing) – includes unit testing and integration testing; conducted using tools in the development environment

    -Unit (component) testing = testing each program in isolation
    -Integration testing = testing interfaces between program components

    Black box testing (AKA specification based testing)– includes system testing and user acceptance testing(UAT); conducted to establish quality of software

    -System testing – testing that establishes the quality of the software; both non-functional and function characteristics tested
    -User acceptance testing (UAT) – testing the usability of the software’
    –Alpha testing = UAT testing in which users perform the UAT in IT environment
    –Beta testing = UAT testing in which software is tested by users in real or pre-production environment

  79. Software Testing is divided into two types:

    Static Testing- Reviewing the project documents. Review can be formal, informal or walkthrough meeting.
    Dynamic Testing- Software is tested during the execution. It is again divided into White box and Black box testing.

    White box Testing is divided into Unit Testing and Integration testing which is done by the developers.
    In Unit testing developers test each program independently. It is also called as Component testing and Module testing.
    In integration testing developers test the interface between the program.

    Black box Testing is divided into system testing and User acceptance testing.
    system testing is done by QA.
    UAT is done by the users. It is divided into Alpha testing and Beta testing.
    Alpha testing is done by the users in IT Company environment. Bets testing is done by the client in Real environment.

  80. Software testing two types:-
    Manual testing
    Automation testing
    Software testing can be broadly classified as :-
    Static testing
    Dynamic testingStatic testing
    Static testing :- Reviewing of project document. Could be Formal testing, informal testing and
    Walkthrough testing.
    Dynamic testing:- Software testing classified as White box testing and Black box testing.
    1. White box testing done by developers
    1.1 Unit/component testing:- testing each program component in isolation.
    1.2 Integrate Testing:- to test the interfaces between the program components.
    2. Black box testing:-
    2.1. System testing:- Testing of software before it released done by QA
    2.2. Users acceptable testing:-
    2.2.1. Alpha:- Testing done by the IT company
    2.2.2. Beta:- Testing in real environment done by the users.

  81. Software testing is classified as Static Testing and Dynamic testing.
    Static testing: In this testing, the documents are reviewed in each phase of the software development . It can be formal,informal or walkthrough meeting.

    Dynamic testing:It is divided into White box testing and Black box testing.

    White box testing is done by developers. It is to test the technical perspective of the requirement/checking codes.It has unit or component testing(testing the units separately in each phase of the development) and integration testing(testing when the units or different interfaces are integrated).

    Black box testing is done by QA and end users. It has system testing and UAT. It is to test the functionality of the requirement.
    UAT has two types, Alpha testing(testing done at the developer site) and Beta testing(testing done in the real environment,UAT ,by the customer).

  82. Functional testing:
    – Unit testing
    -Integration testing
    -System testing
    -Sanity testing
    -Smoke testing
    -Interface testing
    -Regression testing
    -Beta/Acceptance testing

  83. Software testing is classified as static and dynamic testing.in static testing documents are reviewed to identify the errors it can be informal,formal inspection.and dynamic testing we have 2 types white box and black box testing.white box testing is developed by developers logically and it has 2 types of testing,unit testing is the seperate parts of testing and integration testing performed as the group testing,in black box testing we do have system testing and UA testing and user acceptance testing will do alpha testing and beeta testing

  84. 1.Name and describe the different types of software testing that you might have come across.
    Software testing can be Classified into two categories-
    A) Static Testing – In static testing there is no need to execute the code or no need to touch the application. It is a manual review of the documents to see if there are any errors so that they don’t further become defects in the software.
    Types of static testing –
    1) Informal Review- Before preparing the test data, the testers review the documents to find out if there are any errors, if any errors , report them to the author of the document . Example review of FSD/BRD by tester any error in them report it to BA. It is less expensive way .

    2) Formal Review- The test lead (moderator) assigns roles and responsibilities, prepares rules and checklists, monitors and controls, gets updates from testers. Conducts review meeting where the testers need to come prepared.

    3) Walkthrough- The objective of walkthrough is to give the project introduction and identity the errors. It can be done by the Sr. QA, test lead or the author of the document.

    B. Dynamic Testing -Here, the software is executed in the testing. It is further classified into White box testing and Black box Testing.

    1. White box testing – Here, programs are visible, so done by developers. It includes:
    Unit or Component Testing – Testing each program component individually.
    Integration Testing – testing the interfaces between the program components

    2. Black box testing- Here programs are not visible, so it is done by QA and end users. It includes:
    System testing and UAT.
    System testing is to test the functional and non-functional characteristics on the software.

    UAT is of two types,
    Alpha testing – testing done in the IT company environment
    Beta testing – testing done in the real environment at customer site

  85. Software Testing can be done manual or automation. The different types of software testing can be classified as Static and Dynamic testing.
    Static Testing- the software project documents are reviewed to identify the errors.
    Dynamic Testing- Software is tested during execution. It can be either white box or black box testing.
    There are 2 types of white box testing : Unit Testing and Integration Testing.
    Unit testing or the component testing is testing each program component in isolation.
    Integration testing is to test the interfaces between the program components.
    White box called as structural testing whereas Black box called as specification based testing.
    Under the black box testing the System testing and User acceptance testing is done.
    Users can preform user acceptance testing in IT environment and that is the Alpha Testing.
    When the software is tested by the users in real or pre-production environment then it is called Beta Testing.

  86. Software testing can be classified into Static and Dynamic Testing
    Static testing involves Formal,Informal and walkthrough.
    Dynamic testing involves whitebox and blackbox testing.
    White box involves unit/component and integration testing whereas Blackbox testing involves System testing and UAT. UAT involves Alpha testing and Beta testing.

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