Software testing steps play an important role in software development cycle. The Software testing is conducted at every level of software development with specific objective at each level. The software testing at each level can be done by different IT team members. The developers test programs and interfaces between programs. The software testers do system testing. The end users perform the user acceptance testing (UAT).
SOFTWARE TESTING STEPS:
The software testing steps are also termed as STLC- software testing life cycle. STLC is a step by step approach to test the software. The software testing steps are listed below:
- test requirements gathering
- test plan and analysis
- test design
- test implementation and execution
- defect reporting and tracking
- test closure
Test requirements gathering:
The software testers gather the requirements from the Business analyst and other members of IT team to prepare the test documents for testing.
Test plan and analysis:
The test plans are prepared at each test levels by test lead. The software testers review the project documents to understand requirements and identify errors.
The test documents like traceability matrices, test data, test cases are prepared by the software testers.
Test implementation and execution:
The test environment is setup and verified for software testing. The test cases are tested and results are documented.
Defect reporting & tracking:
The software defects are reported to developers. The software testers track the defects and ensure defect fixing process.
The software testing level is ended by evaluating the exit criteria and documenting the testing experiences.
The software testing steps can be performed either as manual testing or using automation testing tools. The detailed study of the software testing steps are explained in further articles.
Check your understanding:
- What type of testing is done by QA team?
- Explain the difference between manual testing and automation testing.