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Techniques and Tools for Quality Assurance for Software Testing

First of all, let’s discuss what Quality assurance in software is. QAS is a procedure that ensures that all software methodologies, engineering strategies, activities, and work items are monitored and conform to set standards. These established standards could be ISO 900, CMMI model, ISO 15504, and other standards.  QAS encompasses the entire software development lifecycle, from requirements definition to coding and release. Its primary purpose is to ensure that products are of the highest possible quality. 

During software testing, an expert must utilize a variety of approaches to ensure that customers receive exactly what they anticipate from software products and that they exhibit atypical behavior, such as entering incorrect data during registration.  

Each quality assurance expert is equipped with their own set of tools and techniques. All of the tools and techniques that will be used for a specific project, on the other hand, are decided upon by the client. We will be discussing the techniques and tools that are utilized for quality assurance during software testing. To have a robust understanding of how these tools work, you can look out for quality assurance certified training. Let’s jump right in then….

  1. Control Charts
  • Control charts are used to visualize the movement of data by plotting data points across time.
  • Control charts are used to compare existing data to control limits, resulting in conclusions on process consistency. 
  • The control chart’s principal aim is to determine whether the process is stable under the current conditions. 
  • The control chart is a sort of graph that plots process data promptly.
  1. Cause-Effect Diagram
  • A cause-and-Effect diagram, which is also known as the fish-bone diagram shows the many possible causes of a problem. The cause and effect diagram also sorts ideas into useful categories until one is able to identify the source of the problem. 
  • Fish-bone identifies the strongest root cause by capturing all reasons and ideas by using a brainstorming process. It also keeps track of the source of certain processor system issues.
  • To utilize this tool and technique, you must first identify the problem and phrase it as a question. The reason being that, each question should have a response, this will aid brainstorming. You can also simply begin by writing it in the fish’s initial headbox.
  • Then, on the spin, you’ll make a list of the key reasons for the problem. 
  1. Flowcharts 
  • A flowchart is a diagram that depicts a workflow process or a step-by-step approach for connecting items by using arrows and lines in various directions.
  • Flow charts are commonly used to depict changes in an existing method after modifications have been made, or to highlight a new workflow process that has been replaced.
  • They enable the system’s specific event flow to be identified.
  • Each step in the flowchart is an associated action, the result of which is n output that is then used as an input to the next step.
  • The procedure will then provide information or a pictorial image of what it appears like, assisting in the discovery of quality faults. The flowchart has a simple format that makes it easy to understand.
  1. Check Sheet
  • A check sheet is a data collection instrument with a systematic framework. It is a type of form used for data analysis that can be customized for a range of uses.
  • When the information gathered is quantitative, the check sheet is also known as a tally sheet.
  • With a check sheet, you can create a tabular or metrics format that lists the critical milestones or occurrences.
  • A check sheet is a documented form or spreadsheet that contains a list of questions or tasks.
  • It can also be utilized in the course of a review to make sure all of the needed procedures and prerequisites are met.
  1. Pareto Chart
  • A Pareto Chart is a data bar graph that displays which factors are the most important.
  • The Pareto chat’s main function is to show the most critical component that shows the most critical components that contribute to the major cause of a failure of an issue.
  • For a Pareto chart to be made, a variety of data is split into groupings which are often referred to as segments or categories.
  • In a Pareto chart, the bars in a graph indicate the data in descending order, with the left axis representing the frequency and the percentage of total occurrences.
  1. Scatter Diagram
  • Scatter diagrams are the graphs that depict the relationship between variables, with the variables representing effects and causes.
  • The scatter diagram’s primary goal is to incorporate a link between the problem’s overall effect and the factors that influence it.
  • A scatter diagram can also assist in determining the relationship between these two variables. The points will fall on a line or a very small curve if the variables are correlated.
  • The variables are outlined on the slope of the equation produced from the scatter graph and they can be positively or negatively connected.
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